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  • Author or Editor: You-Shao Wang x
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Abstract  

N,N,N′,N′-tetrahexylsuccinylamide (THSA) was used for the extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV) ions from nitric acid media into n-dodecane. Extraction distribution ratios of U(VI) and Th(IV) as a function of nitric acid concentration, extractant concentration and temperature have been studied. It was found that THSA as a new extractant is superior in some aspects to TBP for extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV). The extraction of nitric acid was also investigated. At low acidity, the main adduct of THSA and HNO3 is THSA·HNO3. THSA·(HNO3)2 and THSA·(HNO3)3 also formed at high acidity. The composition of the species, equilibrium constants and enthalpies of the extraction reactions have also been calculated. The suggested formation of the 1:2:1 ratio of uranyl(VI) ion and the 1:4:2 ratio of thorium(IV) ion, nitrate ion and THSA as the extracted species was further confirmed by the IR spectra of U(VI) and Th(IV) extracts.

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Abstract  

The partition of uranium(VI) between nitric acid and N,N-dibutyldecanamide (DBDEA) in kerosene has been investigated at various concentrations of nitric acid, extractant and salting-out agent LiNO3. The mechanism of extraction is discussed in the light of the results obtained. The effect of TBP on the extraction of uranium(VI) with DBDEA has also been considered. There is an apparent synergistic effect with these two extractants at low concentration of TBP, however, one sees a decrease in extraction distribution at higher concentration. IR spectra show that there is no apparent interaction between the two kinds of extractants. The stoichiometry of the synergistic extracted species has been determined.

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Abstract  

A new symmetrical diamide, the straight-chain alakyl substituted neutral tetrabutyladipicamide (TBAA) has been synthesized, characterized and used for the extraction of U(V) and Th(IV) from nitric acid solutions in a diluent composed of 50% 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene (TMB) and 50% kerosene (OK). Extraction distribution coefficients of U(VI) and Th(IV) as a function of aqueous nitric acid concentration, extractant concentration and temperature have been studied. Back-extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV) from organic phases by dilute nitric acid has been undertaken. From the data, the compositions of extracted species, equilibrium constants and enthalpies of extraction reactions have also been calculated.

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Abstract  

It was found that N,N,N,N-tetrabutylsuccinylamide (TBSA) in a diluent composed of 50% 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene (TMB) and 50% kerosene (OK) can extract thorium(IV) ion from a nitric acid solution. The results of the extraction study suggested the formation of a 141 thorium(IV) ion, nitrate ion and N,N,N,N-tetrabutylsuccinylamide complex as extracted species. The related thermodynamic functions were also calculated.

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Abstract  

N,N,N,N-tetrabutylsuccinylamide (TBSA) in a diluent composed of 50% trimethylbenzene (TMB) and 50% kerosene (OK) can extract uranyl (II) ion from nitric acid solution. The results of extraction study suggested the formation of the 121 uranyl (II) ion, nitrate ion and N,N,N,N-tetrabutylsuccinylamide complex as extracted specis. The values of thermodynamic functions have been calculated.

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Abstract  

Five kinds of solid coordination complexes of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) with the diamide (N,N,N,N-tetrabutylmalon-amide (TBMA), N,N,N,N-tetrabutylsuccinylamide (TBSA), N,N,N,N-tetrabutylglutaramide (TBGA), N,N,N,N-tetrabutyl-adipicamide (TBAA)) were synthesized. All these complexes of UO2(NO3)2·TBMA, UO2(NO3)2· TBSA, [UO2(NO3)2·(TBGA1/2)2] x , UO2(NO3)2·TBAA and Th(NO3)4·2TBMA were characterized by elemental analysis, UV spectra, IR spectra and 13C NMR spectra. The coordination form and proposed structures of the complexes are also discussed.

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