Beginning from the premise that research competitiveness at the university level is the starting point for national competitiveness
as a whole, this paper analyzes the correlation between university research-related performance and the scholarly or academic
resources available through a country’s library system. An analysis of this correlation from two different angles — a macroscopic
approach considering universities in OECD nations and a microscopic approach focusing only upon universities in Korea — found
that there is indeed a significant correlation between university research performance and the scholarly information available
at libraries. A regression analysis of the two approaches also found that the more journal titles subscribed to by university
libraries and the higher their budget for materials, the greater the contribution university libraries make to university
research competitiveness in Korea as well as other OECD countries. In this light, in order for Korea to reach a level of research
competitiveness comparable to other OECD members, policies need to be created that will effectively increase the number of
journals subscribed to by university libraries.
Authors:Nak Kim, Young Kim, Joon Kim, and Keung Park
A Peak Identification and Activity Determination (PIAD) computer program has been developed. A new concept of peak significance is introduced and a great change has been made to the currently used associated gamma lines technique in calculating the confidence index; confidence factor is also given to the gamma line of a nuclide that is not seen in the spectrum. The program is written in Fortran IV under the operating system of RSX-11M.
Authors:Dong Kim, Young Jeon, Young Jeong, Moo Suh, and Kih Joe
The chromatographic separation of lithium isotopes was investigated by chemical exchange with the recently synthesized polymer-bound dibenzo pyridino diamide azacrown (DBPDA) and reduced dibenzo pyridino diamide azacrown (RDBPDA). Column chromatography was employed for the determination of the effect of solvents and ligand conformation on the separation coefficients. The maximum separation coefficients, , for the DBPDA and RDBPDA at 20.0±0.02°C with acetonitrile as eluent, were found to be 0.034±0.002 and 0.035±0.002, respectively. The isotope separation coefficient and adsorption capability of the lithium ion on the DBPDA and RDBPDA were only slightly dependent on ligand structure, but strongly dependent on the solvent. DBPDA and RDBPDA appeared to have almost the same value for the isotope separation coefficient of lithium.
The concept of enlargement of a generalized topology was introduced by Á. Császár . He also introduced the concepts of (κ,λ)-continuity and (κμ,λν)-continuity on enlargements. In this paper, we characterize the (κ,λ)-continuity and introduce the concept of strong (κ,λ)-continuity on enlargements. In particular, we study characterizations for the strong (κ,λ)-continuity and the relationships among (μ,ν)-continuity, (κ,λ)-continuity, strong (κ,λ)-continuity and (κμ,λν)-continuity.
The analysis algorithm, which simultaneously interprets the transfer route and types of nuclear materials and the types of transfer container, has been developed for the radioactive material transfers in the nuclear facility. This method can be accomplished by integration of video images based on pixel differences and radiation data imported by NDA radiation sensors in real time. This technology, based on pattem recognition by neural networks, is well suited for surveillance systems of large automated facilities, spent fuel storage facilities and new conceptual hot cell facilities such as DUPIC(Direct Use of spent PWR fuel in CANDU reactors) facility.
Authors:Seongkyoon Jeong, Jae Young Choi, and Jaeyun Kim
Given the high priority accorded to research collaboration on the assumption that it yields higher productivity and impact rates than do non-collaborative results, research collaboration modes are assessed for their benefits and costs before being executed. Researchers are accountable for selecting their collaboration modes, a decision made through strategic decision making influenced by their environments and the trade-offs among alternatives. In this context, by using bibliographic information and related internal data from the Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials (KIMM, a representative Korean government institute of mechanical research), this paper examines the suggested yet unproven determinants of research collaboration modes that the SCI data set cannot reveal through a Multinomial Probit Model. The results indicate that informal communication, cultural proximity, academic excellence, external fund inspiration, and technology development levels play significant roles in the determination of specific collaboration modes, such as sole research, internal collaboration, domestic collaboration, and international collaboration. This paper refines collaboration mode studies by describing the actual collaboration phenomenon as it occurs in research institutes and the motivations prompting research collaboration, allowing research mangers to encourage researchers to collaborate in an appropriate decision-making context.
The concepts of κμ-open set and enlargement κ of a generalized topology μ were introduced by Császár . In this paper, we introduce the concept of weak κμ-open sets induced by an enlargement κ of a generalized topology μ, and study some basic properties. We also introduce the concept of κ-regular open sets, and investigate the characterizations of weak κμ-open sets in terms of κ-regular open sets.
We introduce the operator given by a hereditary class and a generalized topology μ, and investigate its properties. With the help of , we define -semi-open sets which are generalized open sets on generalized topologies and study the relation between such sets and some generalized open sets (e.g. μ-semi-open sets, μ-β-open sets) on generalized topologies.
This study performs a webometric analysis to explore the communication characteristics of scientific knowledge in a national
scholarly Web space comprising top ranking universities and government supported research institutions in South Korea. We
found significant differences in scholarly communication activity as well as linking behavior among different subspaces in
addition to institutional differences. We also found the usefulness of the ADM approach in analyzing the metric data containing
extreme outliers and discovered the directory model as the most appropriate. Page counts were found significantly correlated
with inlinks as well as with outlinks at the directory level in the whole scholarly Web space.
Authors:Young-Suk Kim, Duk Kim, Kil Lee, Han Choi, Yoon Yoon, Gunchoo Shim, and Nak Kim
A NAA-PIXE combined analysis has been applied to the precise measurement of the concentrations of Nb and Ti in Nb–Ti alloy ingot. The ingot is used in the production of superconductors and the concentration should be controlled very strictly. The ingot cross section could be analyzed with an accuracy of better than 1% by the use of NAA for the preparation of standard samples and PIXE for the nondestructive rapid scan of the surface. The radial and azimuthal concentration profiles of the ingot could be obtained.