Authors:Yu. Zolotarev, D. Zaitzev, V. Penkina, I. Dostavalov, and N. Myasoyedov
Racemic tritium-labelled amino acids were separated into optical isomers by chromatography on a chiral polyacrylamide sorbent filled with copper ions. The polyacrylamide sorbent is synthesized by Mannich's reaction through the action of formaldehyde and L-phenylalanine upon polyacrylamide Biogel P-4 in an alkali phosphate buffer. Tritiumlabelled amino acids are eluted by a weak alkali solution of ammonium carbonate. Data are presented on the ligand exchange chromatography of amino acids depending on the degree to which the sorbent is filled with copper ions and on the eluent concentration. Conditions are suggested for the quantitative separation of amino acid racemates. Amino acids are isolated from the eluent on short columns filled with sulfonated cation exchanger in the H+ form. HPLC on modified silica gel sorbents is also used for the analysis of tritium-labelled optically active amino acids. Amino acids are eluted by a weakly acidic water-methanol solution containing ammonium acetate. UV and scintillation flow type detectors are used.
Authors:M. Abuzwida, S. Abouzreba, B. Almedhem, Yu Zolotarev, and N. Komarov
A selective liquid scintillation method is suggested for plutonium determination by alpha-spectrometry in the presence of uranium. The analytical process consists of extracting plutonium from nitric acid solutions using BPHA, TOA and MTOA nitrate as extractants into toluene scintillator. Effect of various extractants and nitric acid concentration on the extraction of Pu(IV) and U(VI) together with scintillations quenching were investigated. A simple and fast two-stage selective scintillation method is also suggested for Pu determination in the irradiated uranioum samples.
Authors:Yu. Zolotarev, V. Kozik, E. Dorokhova, D. Zaitsev, N. Myasoedov, and S. Rozenberg
A method for synthesizing tritium- or deuterium-labeled amino acids, peptides and biogenic amines through high temperature solid state catalytic isotope exchange (HSCIE) is proposed. The dependence of the degree of isotope exchange in HSCIE on the structure of the compound, the reactivity of hydrogen at different carbon atoms and the conditions of the process has been examined. If HSCIE is performed in the temperature range of 373 to 413K, the selectivity of isotopic label incorporation comes to 70% or higher. When the tritium label is introduced into peptides, they retain the configuration of asymmetric atoms, even upon the substitution of tritium for hydrogen at the -carbon atoms of the amino acid residues. HSCIE at 453–513K leads to an even distribution of the isotopic label over the organic compound molecule. The results of3H NMR spectroscopy highlighting the distribution of the tritium label in the organic compound molecules are presented. The configuration of asymmetric atoms in amino acids is preserved to a high extent upon 80–90% substitution of isotopes for hydrogen atoms.
Authors:S. Rosenberg, V. Zaloznikh, Yu. Zolotarev, D. Zajtsev, V. Kozic, and N. Myasoedov
A method has been developed for the analysis of deuterium water solutions of tritiated glycine and alanine complex isotopic mixtures by using high resolution3H (at 266.8 MHz) and1H (at 250.13 and 500.13 MHz) NMR spectra. Approaches have been worked out for the determination of quantitative composition of mixtures and spectral parameters.