Bentonite has been studied extensively because of its strong sorption and complexation ability. Herein, GMZ bentonite from
Gaomiaozi county (Inner Mongolia, China) was investigated as the candidate of backfill material for the removal of Th(IV)
ions from aqueous solutions. The results indicate that the sorption of Th(IV) is strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength
at pH < 5, and independent of ionic strength at pH > 5. Outer-sphere surface complexation or ion-exchange are the main mechanism
of Th(IV) sorption on GMZ bentonite at low pH values, whereas the sorption of Th(IV) at pH > 5 is mainly dominated by inner-sphere
surface complexation or surface precipitation. Soil fulvic acid (FA) and humic acid (HA) have a positive influence on the
sorption of Th(IV) on bentonite at pH < 5. The different addition sequences of HA and Th(IV) to GMZ bentonite suspensions
have no obvious effect on Th(IV) sorption to HA-bentonite hybrids. The high sorption capacity of Th(IV) on GMZ bentonite suggests
that the GMZ bentonite can remove Th(IV) ions from large volumes of aqueous solutions in real work.
Authors:Yunhui Dong, Zhengjie Liu, Yueyun Li, Lei Chen, and Zengchao Zhang
The sorption of Cd(II) from aqueous solution on γ-Al2O3 was investigated under ambient conditions. Experiments were carried out as a function of contact time, solid content, pH,
ionic strength, foreign ions, fulvic acid and temperature. The results indicated that the sorption of Cd(II) was strongly
dependent on pH and ionic strength. At low pH, the sorption of Cd(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation and
ion exchange with Na+/H+ on γ-Al2O3 surfaces, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The Langmuir, Freundlich
and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms at three different temperatures. The thermodynamic
data (ΔG0, ΔS0, ΔH0) calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms suggested that the sorption of Cd(II) on γ-Al2O3 was an spontaneous and endothermic process.