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Abstract  

The biological activity of a kind of hetero-bimetallic Schiff-base complex was studied using Escherichia coli (E. coli) cell as the target. By microcalorimetry, the difference of anti-bacterial activity between the binuclear Schiff-base and the ligand was determined and analyzed. To analyze the inhibition of the bacterial growth internally, the E. coli cells grown in the presence of hetero-bimetallic Schiff-base complex were observed by scanning electron microscopy. The images in high resolution revealed the damage of outer cell membrane caused the inhibitory effect on E. coli. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry results proved the absorption of the complex by cells, which confirmed the interaction between the Schiff-base and biological macromolecule.

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Abstract  

The solid-state coordination reaction: Nd(NO3)36H2O(s)+4Ala(s) → Nd(Ala)4(NO3)3H2O(s)+5H2O(l) and Er(NO3)36H2O(s)+4Ala(s) → Er(Ala)4(NO3)3H2O(s)+5H2O(l) have been studied by classical solution calorimetry. The molar dissolution enthalpies of the reactants and the products in 2 mol L–1 HCl solvent of these two solid-solid coordination reactions have been measured using a calorimeter. From the results and other auxiliary quantities, the standard molar formation enthalpies of [Nd(Ala)4(NO3)3H2O, s, 298.2 K] and[Er(Ala)4(NO3)3H2O, s,298.2 K] at 298.2 K have been determined to be Δf H m 0 [Nd(Ala)4(NO3)3H2O,s, 298.2 K]=–3867.2 kJ mol–1, and Δf H m 0 [Er(Ala)4(NO3)3H2O, s, 298.2 K]=–3821.5 kJ mol–1.

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Abstract  

The solid-state coordination reactions of lanthanum chloride with alanine and glycine, and lanthanum nitrate with alanine have been studied by classical solution calorimetry. The molar dissolution enthalpies of the reactants and the products in 2 mol L-1 HCl solvent of these three solid-solid coordination reactions have been measured using an isoperibol calorimeter. From the results and other auxiliary quantities, the standard molar formation enthalpies have been determined to be Δf H m θ[La(Ala)3Cl33H2O(s), 298.2 K]= -3716.3 kJ mol-1, Δf H m θ [La(Gly)3Cl35H2O(s), 298.2 K]= -4223.0 kJ mol-1 and Δf H m θ [La(Ala)4(NO3)3H2O(s), 298.2 K]= -3867.57 kJ mol-1, respectively.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Z. Honglin, Y. Xiufang, L. Xiangyang, S. Haitao, N. Yi, W. Lili, and L. Chengxue

Abstract  

The power–time curves of the oscillating extraction system were determined at different temperatures for the extraction of hydrochloric acid and acetic acid with primary amine N1923 (R–CH(NH2)–R1), R, R 1 represent alkyl of C9–11 in chloroform using the titration microcalorimetric method. The apparent activation energy was calculated from the induction period (t in), the first oscillation period (t p.1) and the second oscillation period (t p.2).

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Abstract  

Effects of fullerenes including FS, EFS and pure C60 on thermal behaviors of polyethylene glycol (PEG) have been studied by employing thermogravimetry-differential thermogravimetry (TG-DTG), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and off-line furnace-type pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). The products were collected by Cambridge filter pad which was widely used in analyzing the combustion products of cigarette. The results showed that the addition of fullerenes obviously restrained the thermal decomposition of PEG. The initial decomposition temperatures (IDT) and maximum decomposition peak temperatures (MDT) were evidently postponed by the addition of fullerenes. Pyrolysis products with one or two hydroxyl end groups obviously increased with the addition of 10% C60. The reasons of the changes were discussed from the aspects of reaction mechanisms.

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Waxy wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is grown throughout the world for its specific quality. Fertilization and planting density are two crucial factors that affect waxy wheat yield and photosynthetic capacity. The objectives of the research were to determine the effects of fertilization and planting density on photosynthetic characteristics, yield, and yield components of waxy wheat, including Yield, SSR, TGW, GNPP, GWPP, PH, HI, Pn, Gs, Ci, E and WUE using the method of field experiment, in which there were three levels (150, 300, and 450 kg ha−1) of fertilizer application rate and three levels (1.35, 1.8, and 2.25 × 106 plants ha−1) of planting density. The results suggested that photosynthetic characteristics, yield, and yield components had close relationship with fertilization levels and planting density. Under the same plant density, with the increase of fertilization, Yield, SSR, TGW, GNPP, GWPP, HI, Pn, Gs, E and WUE increased and then decreased, PH increased, but Ci decreased. Under the same fertilization, with the increase of plant density, Yield, SSR, TGW, GNPP, GWPP, HI increased and then decreased, PH, Pn, Gs and E increased, PH and WUE declined. The results also showed that F2 (300 kg ha−1) and D2 (1.8 × 106 plants ha−1) was a better match in this experiment, which could obtain a higher grain yield 4961.61 kg ha−1. Consequently, this combination of fertilizer application rate and plant densities are useful to get high yield of waxy wheat.

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