The loss of lead in various kinds of biological materials after drying and ashing is studied by using203Pb as tracer which is intraveneously injected into mice. The experimental results show that although the oven ashing can be used for determining the lead in samples of lung, kidney, and liver, etc., the oxygen plasma and high pressure digestion are the most suitable methods for the determination of lead in biological materials.
Two methods, e.g. initial rate method and thermokinetic reduced extent method were presented for studies on non-competitive
inhibition. Arginase-catalyzed the hydrolysis of L-arginine toL-ornithine and urea and the inhibition of this reaction by sodium fluoride were studied in the absence and presence of exogenous
of Mn2+at 37C in 40 mM sodium barbiturate-hydrochloric acid buffer solution (pH 7.4). Both methods were successively used to determine
the values of K1. The advances and disadvantages of each method were compared in this paper. Exogenous Mn2+ could result in more sensitivity of arginase to F-1. Since the inhibition of arginase by F-1 depends on the pH values of the reaction system and behave as a non-competitive inhibition, it probably due to its small
volume and high electronic density allow it access to the activity site of the enzyme and replaces of -OH2 (or -OH) as the bridge ligand with Mn(II, II) cluster. However, further studies are necessary to determine the modes of
interaction of F-1 with bovine liver arginase.
Authors:Ping Zhou, Z. Wang, Y. Xu, Lei Zhang, and Y. Wang
Uranyl luminescences in phosphoric acid system has been studied. Uranyl excited by a nitrogen laser shows single or biexponential luminescence decays in the phosphoric acid system. When the uranyl ion or phosphoric acid concentration are lower, a single exponential luminescence decay appears, whereas at higher uranyl ion or phosphoric acid concentrations, biexponential decay is observed. Time-resolved spectra of uranyl in this system are measured. The reasons of the phenomena are tentatively established.
In order to enhance the
electrogenerative leaching rate of sphalerite reasonably, the basic principle
of generative process was applied to the simultaneous leaching of sphalerite
in the presence of MnO2. It was confirmed by experimental
results that both mental ions and electric energy could be obtained in the
simultaneous electrogenerative leaching process. The leaching cell had the
open circuit potential about 1.0 V, about 2000 C of electric quantity was
obtained, the optimal leaching ratio of Zn2+ and
Mn2+ was 48.5, 39.6% respectively, after electrogenerative
leaching for 11 h.
of galena activated mechanically in planetary centrifugal mill were studied.
A dual cell system was introduced to investigate the leaching process. The
experimental results indicated that the mechanical activation improved the
galena’s lattice constant, the lattice distortion and the degree of
crystal defect, which resulted a decreasing of initial potential of galena
electrode and an increasing of output voltage of the leaching cell.
Authors:X. Cao, Z. Wang, X. Yang, Y. Liu, and C. Wang
The kinetics of protein thermal transition is of a significant interest from the standpoint of medical treatment. The effect
of sucrose (0–15 mass%) on bovine serum albumin denatured aggregation kinetics at high concentration was studied by the iso-conversional
method and the master plots method using differential scanning calorimetry. The observed aggregation was irreversible and
conformed to the simple order reaction. The denaturation temperature (Tm), the kinetic triplets all increased as the sucrose concentration increased, which indicated the remarkable stabilization
effect of sucrose. The study purpose is to provide new opportunities in exploring aggregation kinetics mechanisms in the presence
Authors:Z. Zhang, Y. Wang, F. Li, H. Xiao, and Z. Chai
The contents of eight rare earth elements (La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb and Lu) in various plant species taken from a rare earth ore area were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis. For a given plant, the REE patterns in root, leaf and host soil are different from each other. The REE distribution characteristics in roots of various species are very similar and resemble those in the surface water. The results of this study suggest that there is no significant fractionation between the REEs during their uptake by the plant roots from soil solution. However, the variation of the relative abundance of individual REE occurs in the process of transportation and deposition of REEs in plants.
Authors:Z. Chen, F. Xie, X. Wang, Y. Chang, and Z. Zhang
A method of efficiency calibration for the measurement of 88Kr and 138Xe by HPGe γ-spectrometer is proposed in the present paper. The question for the efficient calibration is, how to achieve
homogeneous sources of 88Kr-88Rb and 138Xe-138Cs. The fission product gases were obtained by irradiating a precisely measured amount of U3O8 (90% 235U) filled in a quartz glass ampoule. Source cell was first filled up with stearic acid, and then the fission product gases
were charged into it. Xenon and krypton are not adsorbed on stearic acid, therefore, homogeneous sources of 88Kr-88Rb and 138Xe-138Cs can be prepared. The results of the experiment demonstrate that the method is feasible and successful.
Intact chloroplasts were isolated from mesophyll protoplasts of Brassia napus. Concentrations of 8 rare earth elements (REEs) in the chloroplasts were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The results showed that there were trace amounts of REEs in the chloroplasts, which corresponded to 1 atom of REEs per 2000 chlorophyll molecules. About 30% of the total REEs in the leaves are localized in the chloroplasts and the light REEs were enriched with respect to the heavy elements of the series.
An Al2(WO4)3 target bombarded with a proton beam (28.5 MeV, 20 A) for 1 hour was completely dissolved in about 5 ml of hot 2N NaOH and the clear solution was neutralized with 2N HCl. The resulted white precipitate of Al2(WO4)3 can be separated from the solution by centrifugation and decantation. The supematant containing radioactive Re as ReO
was loaded onto a column (1 cm×10 cm) of activated alumina (100–200 mesh). Eluted with 10 ml of saline, the carrier-free ReO
was collected, while the small amount of Al2(WO4)3 in the supematant was adsorbed on the column. The total yield of ReO
was 94.7% and the breakthrough of WO
, only 1.0·10–6 M. The whole separation process can be accomplished within 30 minutes. This rapid and efficient Re/W separation protocol is applicable to the preparation of carrier-free186Re, when an enrichel Al2(186WO4)3 target is used.