Authors:Zahraa Sabah Hashim and Ibraheem Kasim Ibraheem
This paper deals with the disturbance rejection, parameter uncertainty cancelation, and the closed-loop stabilization of the water level of the four-tank nonlinear system. For the four-tank system with relative degree one, a new structure of the active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) has been presented by incorporating a tracking differentiator (TD) in the control unit to obtain the derivate of the tracking error. Thus, the nonlinear-PD control together with the TD serves as a new nonlinear state error feedback. Moreover, a sliding mode extended state observer is presented in the feedback loop to estimate the system's state and the total disturbance. The proposed scheme has been compared with several control schemes including linear and nonlinear versions of ADRC techniques. Finally, the simulation results show that the proposed scheme achieves excellent results in terms of disturbance elimination and output tracking as compared to other conventional schemes. It was able to control the water levels in the two lower tanks to their desired value and exhibits excellent performance in terms of Integral Time Absolute Error (ITAE) and Objective Performance Index (OPI).