Authors:Zeng Shan, Yang Yan-zhao, Zhu Tao, Han Jian, and Luo Chang-Hong
The parameters affecting the formation of the microemulsion were investigated and the microemulsion region was determined. The extraction of uranium(VI) from HNO3 solution into a water in oil microemulsion was studied. The effects of the concentration of extractant (TRPO), the volume ratio of oil to water and the acidity of outer water phase on the extraction equilibrium of uranium(VI) are discussed and the appropriate conditions are obtained. The result showed the microemulsion has great efficiency for uranium(VI) extraction.
Authors:Li Lin, Yang Yan-Zhao, Zeng Shan, Zhu Tao, and Sun Si-Xiu
The synergistic extraction of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid solution with a mixture of tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP)
and i-butyldodecylsulfoxide (BDSO) in toluene was investigated. The effects of the concentrations of extractant, nitric acid,
sodium nitrate and sodium oxalate on the distribution ratios of uranium(VI) have been studied. The values of enthalpy change
for the extraction reactions with BDSO, TBP and a mixture of TBP and BDSO in toluene were -23.2±0.8 kJ/mol, -29.2±1.4 kJ/mol
and -30.6±0.6 kJ/mol, respectively. It has been found that the maximum synergistic extraction effect occurs when the molar
ratio of TBP to BDSO is close to 1. The composition of the complex of the synergistic extraction is UO2(NO3)2 . BDSO . TBP.
Authors:Yang Yan-Zhao, Zeng Shan, Bao Li-Ping, Liu Wen-Tao, and Sun Si-Xiu
The synergistic extraction of uranium(VI) from aqueous nitric acid solution with mixtures of bis(hexylsulfinyl)ethane (BHxSE) and petroleum sulfoxides (PSO) in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane was studied. It has been found that the maximum synergistic extraction effect occurs when the molar ratio of PSO to BHxSE is close to 1. The composition of the complex of synergistic extraction was estimated as UO2(NO3)2.BHxSE.PSO. The formation constant of the complex was equal to KBP = 4.23±0.03. The effects of extractant, nitric acid, salting-out agent, and complex anion concentrations and temperature on the extraction equilibrium of uranium(VI) were also studied.
Authors:Yang Yan-Zhao, Liu Wen-Tao, Han Jian, Zeng Shan, and Sun Si-Xiu
The kinetics and mechanism of uranium(VI) extraction from nitric acid solution by bis(octylsulfinyl)methane (BOSM) are studied
with the method of stationary interface cell. The effects of temperature, extractant and nitric acid concentrations are discussed.
The results showed that the extraction process is controlled by the following reaction: UO2(NO3)2 + BOSM(i)⇄k1k-1UO2(NO3)2BOSM(i). The variation of enthalpy associated with the extraction is -22.1±2.1 kJ/mol.
Authors:Liu Wen-Tao, Zeng Shan, Yang Yan-Zhao, Han Jian, Zhu Tao, and Luo Chang-Hong
The i-butyldodecylsulfoxide (BDSO) was synthesized. The extraction of uranium(VI) has been carried out with BDSO in toluene from various HNO3 concentrations. It was found that the distribution ratio increases with increasing nitric acid concentration up to 3.0 mol/l and then decreases. The distribution ratios also increase with increasing extractant concentration. The extracted species appears to be UO2(NO3)2·2BDSO and the equilibrium constant value is 15.2. The influence of temperature, sodium nitrate and oxalate concentrations on the extraction was also investigated, and the thermodynamic functions of the extraction reaction were obtained.