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Abstract  

The catalytic effects of iron, aluminum or silicon on the formation of NOX precursors (HCN, NH3 and HNCO) and HCl during wheat straw pyrolysis were studied using a thermogravimetric analyzer (TG) coupled with a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer in argon atmosphere. The results show that the presence of iron, aluminum or silicon decreases conversion of straw-N into NH3 with the sequence of Fe > Si > Al. The iron or silicon addition suppresses N-conversion into HCN and HNCO, and the aluminum addition has no notable influence on HCN emission during pyrolysis. The share of N-conversion to NH3 and HCN increases, but that to HNCO and NO decreases a little in the presence of added iron, aluminum or silicon. The addition of SiO2 results in the highest HCl removal efficiency.

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Abstract

In this study, a UPLC-MS/MS method was developed to measure the concentrations of the flavonoids oroxin A, oroxin B, oroxylin A, oroxyloside, chrysin, chrysin 7-O-beta-gentiobioside, and guaijaverin in the blank mouse blood, and the method was then used in the measurement of the pharmacokinetics of the compounds in mice. Oroxin A, oroxin B, oroxylin A, oroxyloside, chrysin, chrysin 7-O-beta-gentiobioside, and guaijaverin were administered intravenously at a dose of 5 mg kg−1, and the mouse blood (20 μL) was withdrawn from the caudal vein 0.08333, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 h after administration. The mobile phase used for chromatographic separation by gradient elution was composed of acetonitrile and water (0.1% formic acid). The analytes were detected by operating in electrospray ionization (ESI) positive-ion mode using multiple reactions monitoring (MRM). The intra-day and inter-day accuracy ranged from 86.2 to 109.3%, the intra-day precision was less than 14%, and the inter-day precision was less than 15%. The matrix effect ranged from 85.3 to 111.3%, and the recovery of the analytes after protein precipitation were all above 78.2%. This method had the advantages of high sensitivity, accuracy, and recovery, and it had excellent selectivity, which enabled it to be applied to measuring the pharmacokinetics of the analytes in mice.

Open access

Abstract

This paper addresses two issues: 1. Empirically, we report novel experimental data on agreement with exclusively disjoined subjects in Slovenian; 2. Theoretically, we look into the nature of attested agreement strategies with coordinated NPs. In particular, we investigate how these strategies behave under coordinators with different semantics, i.e. exclusive disjunction and conjunction. Based on the elicitation results, we argue that closest conjunct agreement, resolved agreement, and highest conjunct agreement are all present under exclusive disjunction to different extents, which suggests a uniform set of agreement strategies under disjunction and conjunction despite the semantic difference. Further, we argue against the presence of default agreement under both disjunction and conjunction in Slovenian, and argue for a particular set of gender resolution rules.

Open access

Abstract  

Extraction of uranium(VI), thorium(IV) from nitric acid has been studied with N-octylcaprolactam and N-(2-ethyl)hexylcaprolactam. Distribution coefficients of U(VI), Th(IV) and HNO3 as a function of aqueous NHO3 concentration, extractant concentration and temperature have been studied. The compositions of extracted species, thermodynamic parameters of extraction have been evaluated. Third phase formation in extraction of U(VI) has been studied. Back extraction behavior of U(VI) and Th(IV) from the organic phase has also been tested. The results obtained are compared with those obtained by using TBP under the same experimental conditions.

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New extractants for reprocessing of spent Th-U fuel

Extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV) from nitric acid media by Di(2-ethylhexyl)sulfoxide (DEHSO)

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Bao Bo-Rong, Bao Ya-Zhi, Shen Chao-Hong, Wang Gao-Dong, Qian Jun, and Cao Zheng-Bai

Abstract  

A study on solvent extraction of U(VI), Th(IV) and HNO3 from nitric acid media by DEHSO is described. Extraction coefficients of U(VI), Th(IV) and HNO3 as a function of aqueous HNO3 concentration, extractant concentration and temperature have been studied. From the data the compositions of extracted species, equilibrium constants and enthalpies of extraction reaction have been evaluated. Back-extraction of U(VI) and Th(IV) from the organic phase by dilute nitric acid has also been tested. All studies on DEHSO are compared with TBP.

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