Authors:Tingting Fang, Xi Li, Chenggang Wang, Zhijun Zhang, Tian Zhang, Junmin Zeng, Peng Liu and Chaocan Zhang
Cu(nor)2·H2O (1), Zn(nor)2·4H2O (2), Ni(nor)2·2H2O (3), [Cu(nor)(phen)]NO3·4H2O (4), [Zn(nor)(phen)]NO3·2H2O (5), and [Ni(nor)(phen)]NO3·3H2O (6) were synthesized and their action on Tetrahymena growth was studied by microcalorimetry. The growth constant (k), inhibitory ratio (I), and half-inhibiting concentration (IC50) were calculated, which showed that the complexes had a strong inhibitory effect on Tetrahymena. All these complexes can inhibit the growth of Tetrahymena more strongly than norfloxacin. The norfloxacin–metal complexes exhibited better inhibitory activity than nor–phen–metal complexes. The power–time curves of Tetrahymena growth in the presence of norfloxacin were also measured. It was found that all complexes showed higher inhibitory activity than norfloxacin. And the inhibitory mechanism was discussed preliminarily. The diverse inhibition may be due to the ability of the complexes to penetrate into cells and the effect of these complexes on the nucleic acid. Microcalorimetry has been used extensively in many biological and chemical investigations as a universal, non-destructive, continuously running, and highly sensitive tool.
U(VI) sorption on kaolinite was studied as functions of contact time, pH, U(VI) concentration, solid-to-liquid ratio (m/V) by using a batch experimental method. The effects of sulfate and phosphate on U(VI) sorption were also investigated. It
was found that the sorption kinetics of U(VI) can be described by a pseudo-second-order model. Potentiometric titrations at
variable ionic strengths indicated that the titration curves of kaolinite were not sensitive to ionic strength, and that the
pH of the zero net proton charge (pHPZNPC) was at 6.9. The sorption of U(VI) on kaolinite increased with pH up to 6.5 and reached a plateau at pH >6.5. The presence
of phosphate strongly increased U(VI) sorption especially at pH <5.5, which may be due to formation of ternary surface complexes
involving phosphate. In contrast, the presence of sulfate did not cause any apparent effect on U(VI) sorption. A double layer
model was used to interpret both results of potentiometric titrations and U(VI) sorption on kaolinite.
Authors:Genquan Yan, Lu Yu, Xu Chen, Triet Tran, Lam Nguyen, Zhijun Wang and Ling Wang
A rapid and sensitive High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-tandem Mass Spectrometry (HPLC/MS/MS) method for determining apremilast in beagle dog plasma and urine samples was developed and validated using clopidogrel as the internal standard (IS). Apremilast was extracted from the plasma and urine samples by liquid–liquid extraction using methyl tert-butyl ether. Chromatographic separation was performed using a C8 column with gradient elution and a mobile phase containing methanol and 0.1% formic acid. Quantification was achieved in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode with a transition of m/z 461.3→178.2 for apremilast and m/z 322.2→184.1 for clopidogrel (IS). This method was validated regarding its specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy, and stability. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for this method was 5 ng/mL, and the calibration curve was linear over 5–1,000 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-run coefficients of variance (CV) of aprelimast in plasma samples were less than 12.92% and 10.64%, respectively, while in urine samples, the CV were less than 11.84% and 10.20%, respectively. The samples were stable under the tested conditions. This method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study in beagle dogs following oral administration of 10 mg of apremilast.