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  • Author or Editor: Zhong Zhang x
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Abstract  

An apparatus to study the battery system has been set up. The thermal effects of charge and discharge of Ni-MH batteries have been studied. The calorimetric measurements indicate that the net heat dissipation during charging is larger than that during discharging. It is observed that the ratio of heat dissipation to charging energy varies with charging capacity, and almost 90 percent of charging energy is lost as heat dissipation near the end of the charging process at 97.7 mA. A jump of thermal curve near the end of discharge due to a secondary electrode reaction has been observed.

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Abstract  

A cataract in the lenses of Wistar rats was induced by injecting Na2SeO3 into their bodies; they exhibited various kinds of cataract between 8 and 28 days. Samples were prepared using the method of low temperature ashing. The trace-element analyses of samples of different kinds of lenses were carried out by PIXE method. From the results obtained we have studied the ratio of their concentrations relative to the control values in relation to the formation time of cataract. It was found that the metabolites, of most trace-elements in the control lenses are stable, but in various kinds of cataractous lenses they display certain changes. Elements are clearly divided into two types. Elements of the first type are S, Cl, Ca, Fe and Zn. They appear to accumulate relative to the controls, while the second type, P, K and Rb, shows deficiency. The functions of trace-element metabolism during the formation of cataract are also discussed.

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Abstract  

In this work some calorimetric measurements were also carried out on the electrorefining silver by using different current densities with a Calvet type microcalorimeter at room temperature. The ratio (R) of the measured heat (

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m) to the input electric energy (
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in) and the excess heat (
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ex), i.e., difference between
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m and
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in during the electrorefining process, were discussed in terms of general thermodynamics. It was found that the R and
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ex for silver were related with the current density or cell voltage employed in the experiment. The results obtained here also indicate that the heat generation under different conditions, such as different currents or voltages may be caused partially by the irreversibility of the process or by some unknown processes.

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Abstract  

A conjugate of 6-hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid (HYNIC) with aminomethylenediphosphonic acid (AMDP) was synthesized through a multiple-step reaction. HYNIC–AMDP could be labeled easily and efficiently with 99mTc using N-(2-hydroxy-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)ethyl)glycine (tricine) as coligand to form the 99mTc–HYNIC–AMDP complex in high yield (> 95%). Its partition coefficient indicated that it was a good hydrophilic complex. The biodistribution studies of 99mTc–HYNIC–AMDP in normal ICR mice showed that this complex had high bone uptake and low or negligible accumulation in non-target organs. As compared with 99mTc–MDP, 99mTc–HYNIC–AMDP had a higher bone uptake and the ratios of bone/blood and bone/muscle at early time after injection, suggesting that it could be potentially useful for bone imaging at an earlier time after injection according to further investigations of the biological behavior of this complex.

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Abstract  

A conjugate of 6-hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid (HYNIC) with the amino analogue of metronidazole (MN) was synthesized through a multiple-step reaction. HYNIC-MN could be labeled easily and efficiently with 99mTc using N-(2-hydroxy-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)ethyl)glycine (tricine) and ethylenediamine -N,N′-diacetic acid (EDDA) as coligands to form the 99mTc–HYNIC–MN complex in high yield (>95%). Its partition coefficient indicated that it was a good hydrophilic complex. The tumor cell experiment showed that the 99mTc–HYNIC–MN complex had a certain hypoxic selectivity. The biodistribution studies of 99mTc–HYNIC–MN in Kunming mice bearing S180 tumor showed a favorable tissue distribution profile with high tumor uptake, and low or negligible accumulation in non-target organs, suggesting 99mTc–HYNIC–MN would be a novel potential tumor hypoxia imaging agent.

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Abstract  

Peroxynitrite is a potent oxidant in vivo which can result in serious diseases such as cardiopathy, acute inflammation and even cancer. Iron porphyrins have been shown to catalyze the efficient decomposition of peroxynitrite and are therefore important to detoxify the cytotoxic oxidant as therapeutic agents. A kinetic and theoretical study on peroxynitrite decomposition catalyzed by iron porphyrins is carried on in order to search and synthesize more effective scavengers of peroxynitrite. Kinetic experiments and quantum chemistry calculations were applied to iron porphyrins with different substituents for catalyzing peroxynitrite decay. Kinetic experiments suggested that the catalytic ability of iron porphyrins for peroxynitrite decomposition were dependent on the type and location of substituents on the porphyrin rings. Density functional calculations further reveal that the variation of substituent leads to a difference in structure-related quantum chemical descriptors including charges of central metal ion, energy of the highest occupied molecular orbital and energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital.

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Abstract

A new potential enantioselective catalyst derived from ferrocene, 1-{(R)-1-[(S)-2-(diphenylphosphino)ferrocenyl]ethyl}-benzimidazole (DPFEB), was prepared and its absolute structure was characterized by means of single crystal X-ray diffraction. The molar heat capacity of DPFEB was measured by means of temperature modulated differential scanning calorimetry over the temperature range of 200–530 K, and the thermodynamic functions of [H TH 298.15] and [S TS 298.15] were calculated. Further more, thermogravimetry experiment revealed that DPFEB exhibited a three step thermal decomposition process with the final residual of 28.7%.

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of endophytic fungi from tartary buckwheat on the host sprout growth and functional metabolite production. Without obvious changes in the appearance of the sprouts, the exogenous fungal mycelia elicitors notably stimulated the sprout growth and rutin accumulation, and the stimulation effect was mainly depended on the mycelia elicitor species along with its treatment dose. Three endophytic fungi Fat6 (Bionectria pityrodes), Fat9 (Fusarium oxysporum) and Fat15 (Alternaria sp.) were screened to be the most effective candidates for promoting F. tataricum sprout growth and rutin production. With application of polysaccharide (PS, 150 mg/l) of endophyte Fat6, PS (200 mg/l) of endophyte Fat9, and PS (150 mg/l) of endophyte Fat15, the rutin yield was effectively increased to 47.89 mg/(100 sprouts), 45.85 mg/(100 sprouts) and 46.83 mg/(100 sprouts), respectively. That was about 1.5- to 1.6-fold compared to the control culture of 29.37 mg/(100 sprouts). Furthermore, the present study revealed that the biosynthesis of the functional flavonoid resulted from the stimulation of the phenylpropanoid pathway by mycelia polysaccharide treatments. Application of specific fungal elicitors could be an efficient strategy for improving the nutritional and functional quality of tartary buckwheat sprouts.

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Abstract  

The biological behavior of Technetium-99m-L,L-Ethylenedicysteine (Tc-99m-EC)was compared with that of Technetium-99m-Mercaftoacetyltriglycine (Tc-99m-MAG3) and Iodine-131-hippuran (1131-OIH) in mice and rabbits. Tc-99m-EC showed a more rapid urinary excretion and less retention in kidney, liver, intestines and blood in comparison to Tc-99m-MAG3 and I-131-OIH. Urinary excretion decreased after probenecid treatment, indicating active tubular transport. In human bodies, the renal scintigraphy with Tc-99m-EC, Tc-99m-MAG3 and Tc-99m-DTPA were comparable. The promising results of the animal and human studies suggest that Tc-99m-EC may be a useful alternative to Tc-99m-MAG3 and I-131-OIH for renal functional studies.

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