Phonotactic well-formedness judgments are usually gradient, the theoretical interpretation of which is controversial in the phonological literature. In this study we present experimental evidence from Slovak that speakers do have intuitions about unattested grammatical forms as well as attested marginal ones and these intuitions can be modeled fairly closely by gradient phonotactic learners like, for instance, the Hayes-Wilson Phonotactic Learner. Our results suggest that in gradient phonotactic judgments the knowledge of the relative probability of various combinations of natural classes plays a decisive role. We pay special attention to sonority reversal clusters in Slovak and claim that these sequences, although attested in the language, are on the verge of grammaticality and thus prone to change.
In the present article I will argue that there is no need to posit underlying glides in Spanish because the syllabicity of high vowels (i,u) is determined by the stress pattern of the word and the segmental environment of the vowels. I will also argue that non-alternating rising diphthongs and falling diphthongs can uniformly be accounted for in the framework of strict CV (Lowenstamm 1996).
We propose a unified, surface-based functionalist
analysis of the phonology of Hungarian v, which is shown to fare better
than past generative formalist/representational models. The model introduced
can account for the two-fold patterning of v with respect to voicing
assimilation without evoking exceptional means. Furthermore, it can also
explain certain asymmetries as well as graduality displayed by v's
phonotactic distribution, namely, that some clusters are more frequent in the
lexicon, whereas others are marginal. The analysis is grounded in the
aerodynamics of v's articulation (which involves inherently
contradictory targets) as well as in the relative perceptibility of its
contrast in various contexts. It is shown with the help of quantitative
experiments that v's phonological patterning is directly derivable from
these phonetic factors.