concept of norms is concerned, STI norms are social definitions regarding what is appropriate in achieving STI policy goals. At the national level, such norms define the legitimacy of a state's activities. At the ASEAN level, they define the legitimacy of
nobility, coupled with the mere electoral legitimacy of the king, weakened the monarchy‘s political position. The appointment of foreign kings to the Polish throne drew Poland into successive wars or made the electoral monarchs more interested in their home
Chinese one; it began to change after Stalin's death in 1953 and abandoned mass terror. The Communist regimes in the Soviet Union and CEE had to look for some sort of social legitimacy and less coercive method of control over societies. This was especially
literature refers to the concept of ‘input legitimacy’ (people vote democratically for what they want, and even if it's not the optimal, it follows a democratic procedure), and ‘output legitimacy’ (giving people what they want, but assuming that those who
Authors:Antonio Fernández-Cano, Manuel Torralbo and Mónica Vallejo
paves the way to a scientific career and at the same time confers social legitimacy (Ben-David 1991 ). The production of a doctoral thesis brings together the three core functions of a university: tuition through mentoring and supervision, research by
wider values of society, namely by defining research priorities according to the rules of saliency, credibility, and legitimacy.
This paper represents further research from the authors aiming to clarify the sources and influences underlying the
high technology. We believe that this justifies the legitimacy of the approach of analyzing only the giants or big players in technology in many previous papers on high-technology. In particular, USPTO is representative of a large body of the
of identity, truth, and legitimacy ( Chase, 2008 ).
Adopting a constructivist approach of understanding social realities, the research is positioned within an interpretive view of culture, not seen as a group’s pattern of behavior, but as
Authors:Norrin Halilem, Nabil Amara and Réjean Landry
aim of gaining legitimacy (Milem et al. 2000 ). If, the universities are converging, the contexts of the researchers are also converging, and thus less explanation would be found at the institutional level.
Moreover, the dominant force in
Authors:Daria J. Kuss, Mark D. Griffiths and Halley M. Pontes
this does not take the legitimacy or nosological importance of substance use disorders. For this reason, IGD as a maladaptive coping behavior fits perfectly well within an addiction framework and does not invalidate its status as a mental health