An improved accuracy is researched in flat and silicon based nano-calorimeters related to fluid reaction via drop-to-drop
'reaction' or via a steady state in continuous injection of two reactants inside a working chamber. Two types of the experimental
aspects of the sensitivity changes, related to 3-D effects, are described: drop effects and volume rate effects. To increase
the accuracy, well-controlled joule measurements are dissipated in the manufacturer resistance and in several resistances
in carefully controlled experiments. The shape factor (SF) values reduce the manufacturer's joule sensitivity up to fifty per cent. a working methodology is proposed: the results
are compared with the standard TRIS reaction. The results suggest that the systematic error can be reduced to 5%.
We present in this paper the thermal analysis (calorimetry, TG and DSC) of the first stage P2O3F4 graphite intercalate compound in atmospheric pressure and high pressure. By heating we obtain always exfoliation phenomenon.
The heating of exfoliated, graphite shows an important oxidation resistance in comparison with another exfoliated graphite.
This oxidation resistance has been studied also by thermal analysis like TG, in oxygen atmosphere.
Carbon foil rebuilding from exfolied graphite keeps these interesting antioxidation properties.
Authors:O. Habuštová, L'. Weismann, M. Harangozó and A. Bumbálová
The influence of copper on adults of the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) was studied. The adults were treated by the contact fungicide Kuprikol 50, which is used to control down powder mildew (Phytophtora infestans de Bary). Copper content was determined by radio-nuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis using a 238Pu exciting source. The obtained results contribute to the control measures against the Colorado potato beetle and to the question of the resistance of Colorado potato beetle towards pyrethroide insecticides.
The adsorption kinetics of H2O in a clinoptilolite rich zeolitic tuff was experimentally investigated at 18°C. In the identification of the diffusion mechanism
the isothermal adsorption model equation was used. It was found out that the intraparticle mass transfer becomes more dominant
over the heat transfer with increase in particle size and the adsorptive dose pressure. Although initially intraparticle mass
transfer was the controlling resistance later external heat transfer also contributes to the transfer mechanism.
Authors:Micheline Draye, R. Chomel, P. Doutreluingne, A. Guy, J. Foos and M. Lemaire
The radiolytic products of the DCH18C6 obtained after -irradiation have been determined, and the seven main structures have been separated and analyzed. The radiolytic product yields range from about 0.01 to nearly 0.3 molecules per 100 eV absorbed by the DCH18C6 at an energy of 3290 kGy. From the viewpoint of radiation decomposition rate, the DCH18C6 presents a considerable resistance and its radiolytic products have little or no extraction power.
Authors:P. Gaworzewski, L. Kalman, H. Rausch and M. Trapp
Various methods (e.g. spreading resistance and C-V measurements, neutron activation analysis, SIMS) have been used to determine
concentration distributions of antimony dopant and charge carriers in single and double epitaxial silicon layers. Comparing
the results obtained by the methods, an increased dopant diffusion process could be observed in the epitaxial layer during
neutron irradiation of the sample, which arose as a systematic error in the NAA method. The origin of the deviations is discussed.
Authors:I. Roşca, N. Foca, E. Stefancu, D. Sutiman, A. Cailean, I. Rusu, D. Sibiescu and M. Vizitiu
This paper reports the synthesis and study of some Co(II) coordination polymers with the following acids as ligands: 2,8-dimethylphenoxyphosphinic,
diphenyloxyphosphinacetic, diphenylthiophosphinacetic and dihexylphosphinic acids. The study was performed by means of chemical
analysis, gel chromatography, IR spectroscopy, ESR, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry and electric resistance measurements.
The experimental results were used to propose the structural formulae of these compounds and to calculate the kinetic parameters
of the thermal decomposition reactions.
Analytical as well as computer aided thermal optimization of a construction of a stripegeometry double-heterostructure GaAs/(AlGa)As diode laser were performed in the present work. The influence of various construction parameters of the laser on its thermal resistance is shown.
Authors:P. Rajagopalan, L. Kandpal, A. Tewary, R. Singh, K. Pandey and G. Mathur
PEEK is characterised by high impact and fatigue resistance andTg of 145‡C. Blends of PEEK and PEI have been made and scanning electron micro-graphs of the broken specimen show that the two
polymers are completely miscible in all proportions. The study also shows that PEEK∶PEI 50∶50 blend, can be used as matrix
for composite applications with appreciable enhancement ofTg to 177‡C.
The effects of mechanical perforation densities by extracting soil cores through an aerator Vertidrain with a working width of 1.6 m and equipped with hollow tines spaced of 65 mm, were studied on a sandy soil of a grassy sward in the Golf Course El Kantaoui in Sousse (Tunisia). The mechanical aeration was performed at two densities: 250 and 350 holes/m2. The cone penetration resistance and soil water infiltration were measured. These parameters were performed at initial state before aeration (E0) and then on the 10th, 20th and 30th day after aeration. These results showed that perforation density of 350 holes/m2 had a positive effect on the soil by reducing its cone resistance to penetration compared to the initial state (Rp = 14.8 daN/cm2). At 5 cm depth the decrease in resistance to penetration was 34% and 43% on the 10th and 20th day after aeration, respectively. However, on the 30th day after aeration the soil resistance to penetration tended to grow and its value compared to the initial state decreased only by 21 and 26%, respectively, at 5 and 15 cm of depth only by 10% and 9% with 250 holes/m2 density. The soil water infiltration made a good improvement after aeration compared to the initial state. This parameter increased from 4.8 cm/h to 8.3, 10.9 and 13.1 cm/h with 250 holes/m2 density and to 10, 12.9 and 14.8 cm/h with 350 holes/m2 density on the 10th, 20th and 30th day following the aeration.