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Science indicators derived from databases

The case of the social sciences

Scientometrics
Author: H. Artus

Abstract  

Quantitative data or indicators derived from databases are usually treated like any other empirical data. In this article, the social character of the different processes leading to them is outlined. As a social process taking place in systemic organizational structures the genesis of such data cannot be reconstructed as sort of mechanical application of formal rules but only as human (and as such: arbitrary) action. As a consequence the discussion of such data or indicators can no longer be subject to methodology alone but requires support by sociology.

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Introduction Database management technology has played a vital role in the advancements of the information technology field. It has matured after extensive research and development efforts and has very successfully created a

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Ceri S., Gottlob G., Tanca L. Logic programming and databases , Springer, Berlin, 1990. Tanca L. Logic

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Mapping a Network of Semiotic Systems: The Romanian Love Charms Database . Semiotica 114 ( 1-2 ): 41 - 66 . Graça Da Silva , Sara - TEHRANI, Jamshid J. 2016 Comparative Phylogenetic Analyses Uncover the Ancient Roots of Indo- European Folktales

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Databases with information on soils often constitute a basic source of information for studies in production agriculture, environmental engineering, and remote sensing. A new, searchable, relational database of soil physical and hydrophysical properties has been developed for Hungarian soils. The database is stored in MS-Access format. The database is compatible with most of the popular software and can be run on a personal computer as well as on computer networks. It currently stores data of 840 soil horizons, 576 having soil hydraulic data, measured using nationally and internationally accepted standard methodology. An outline of the structure and the contents of HUNSODA, as well as a basic guide to its operation has been given. Developing this database may enhance the ability of Hungarian soil scientists to address many more environmental issues of concern, however, further expansion of the database is recommended. Additional data can easily be included in the database. Expansion of the database may help in making it more widely applicable.

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. Tokyo 4-939091-05-8. Jin , B. Wang , B. 1999 Chinese Science Citation Database: Its construction and application

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In this paper two different password databases are compared. Both of them had only Hungarian human-generated passwords. The first database contained user passwords relating to the authorization mechanism of online banking transactions, while the second one contained passwords relating to the authorization of opening newsletters. The first aim of this paper was to analyze both databases and find differences and similarities between them. The second aim was to develop a method of decrypting the most Hungarian hashed passwords in a given time unit.

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Abstract  

We analyse the statistical properties a database of musical notes for the purpose of designing an information retrieval system as part of the Musifind project. In order to reduce the amount of musical information we convert the database to the intervals between notes, which will make the database easier to search. We also investigate a further simplification by creating equivalence classes of musical intervals which also increases the resilience of searches to errors in the query. The Zipf, Zipf-Mandelbrot, Generalized Waring (GW) and Generalized Inverse Gaussian-Poisson (GIGP) distributions are tested against these various representations with the GIGP distribution providing the best overall fit for the data. There are many similarities with text databases, especially those with short bibliographic records. There are also some differences, particularly in the highest frequency intervals which occur with a much lower frequency than the highest frequency “stopwords” in a text database. This provides evidence to support the hypothesis that traditional text retrieval methods will work for a music database.

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., 2008. Construction of transboundary soil databases with the help of digital soil mapping tools. (In Hungarian) Talajvédelem. különszám. 577–584. Filep, Gy. & Ferencz, G., 1999. Recommendation for improving the

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Makó, A. et al., 2010. Introduction of the Hungarian Detailed Soil Hydrophysical Database (MARTHA) and its use to test external pedotransfer functions. Agrokémia és Talajtan. 59 . 29–38. Makó A

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