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The author’s monograph published in Hungarian in 2001 was the first attempt to give an overview of the theme of King Matthias Corvinus in Slovenian folk tradition and literature. This study provides some further details on this subject, suggesting a new interpretation of traditional folk texts about King Matthias Corvinus as texts of collective memory, collective narrative and collective identity. The myth of King Matthias Corvinus as a saviour strongly condenses how this exceptional soldier and possible crusade leader, who vanquishes the unbelievers and heretics, liberated this part of Europe from barbarism and instilled in it the spirit of humanism and the Renaissance.

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Following K. Schumann's classification, the paper establishes 8 of the 23 possible types of loan translations and semantic loans in the Renaissance Croatian drama. At the same time, two new types of calquing are also identified: “Lehngebrauch der Rektionen von Verben und Substantiven” and “syntaktische Lehngebrauch der Rektionen der Lehnwörter”. In using loan translations or semantic loans the authors' individual choice is for the lexical types, while in terms of syntactic loans the widespread and generally accepted forms are preferred.

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Summary

The son of a rich German burgher family of Kassa (Kaschau, Košice, today Slovakia), György Szatmári got into state administration after his studies in Krakow. The king, Vladislav II of the Jagellonian Dynasty (1490–1516) recompensed him for his services in the royal chancellary by ecclesiastic prebends. Besides his episcopal duties, he took over the chancellary leadership in 1498 and became the actual mastermind of Hungarian politics in the early 16th century. He had his proteges study in Italy and supported financially several humanists who sang the renown of the generous patron in their literary works. At the onset of his career he had the St Michael chapel in Kassa extended in late gothic style where only a stone ornament with his coat of arms represents the new, Renaissance style. His episcopal constructions in Pécs (1505–21) already show him as a real Renaissance art patron. The extant Renaissance tabernacle of the cathedral was carved by a Florentine master of the workshop of the Bakócz chapel in Esztergom, which is also adorned with his coat of arms. He had the episcopal palace of Pécs and the chapter house rebuilt in Renaissance style, and had a villa erected upon Francesco di Giorgio's plans on a hill above the town. Except for the ruined villa, his constructions only survive in a few fragments. The last station of his ecclesiastic career was Esztergom (1521–24) where he had the archbishop's palace rebuilt. His tomb erected in the cathedral perished, only written records informing us of it. His breviary preserved in the Bibliothčque Nationale in Paris was illumined by Boccardino il Vecchio in Florence in the mid-1510s.

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Abstract

In the present paper, Gogol’s story Vij is considered in the context of the metaplot about Medea (see Euripides and Seneca). The connection between the metaplot for Gogol and the Renaissance context is shown. For the sake of comparison, Akhmatova’s version of the Medea myth is also involved.

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Culture and the Darwinian Renaissance in the social sciences and humanities

For a special issue of the Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, “The Darwinian Renaissance in the Social Sciences and Humanities”

Journal of Evolutionary Psychology
Author: Alex Mesoudi

Abstract

A “Darwinian Renaissance” in the social sciences and humanities cannot occur until evolutionary theory can successfully explain rapid and cumulative cultural change. Here I review empirical evidence that much of human behaviour is culturally determined, emphasising the need to incorporate culture into evolutionary analyses of human behaviour. I also review theoretical work which shows that culture is genetically adaptive, belying any simplistic gene-culture dichotomy. Finally, I show how recent work analysing culture as an evolutionary system is beginning to answer the kinds of questions that are of interest to social scientists and humanities scholars. These include phylogenetic reconstructions of the historical relationships between languages, manuscripts, social customs and artifacts, and experimental simulations of the microevolutionary processes underlying patterns of cultural macroevolution.

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Columbus' first letter on his revolutionary discoveries was first published in Spanish, but soon spread all over Europe in its Latin version. The first history of America was originally written in Latin by the Italian humanist Peter Martyr and the world came to know about its first circumnavigation again through a Latin text, written by the emperor's secretary Maximilianus Transylvanus. The role of the Latin language in this important phase of European historiography has always been limited to its function as the international European idiom. But even in the renaissance writing and reading in Latin was not as popular as English would be today. The true function of the Latin language in the historiography of early discoveries lies in its ability to integrate the experience of strange new worlds into European culture and thinking. Latinization worked as assimilation and played an imported role in the institution of a new, globalized European identity.

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Farbaky Péter: Der Königspalast von Buda im Zeitalter der Renaissance. In: Budapest im Mittelalter . Hg. von Gerd Biegel. Braunschweig 1991. 259–271. Farbaky P

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A nyolcvanas években a technikai fejlődésben csalódva az építészetteoretikusok és az építészek egy köre a tapintást és tapasztalást igénylő hagyományos anyagokban vélte megtalálni azt az egzisztenciális biztonságot, amit az időbe ágyazottság érzése adhat. Ma az építészetben egyszerre van jelen a hagyományos anyagok érzékeny használata és az új megmunkálási technikák nyújtotta formai és felületi kísérletezés. A tanulmány az „új anyagszerűség” egy sajátos jelenségével foglalkozik: az építéstechnika által a hatvanas években felfedezett és néhány épületen alkalmazott, majd elfeledett corten acél visszatérésével, összevetve az anyag alkalmazásának célját és fogadtatását egykor és most. A technikai optimizmus idején az akkor új anyag alkalmazása mellett elsősorban praktikus érvek, az alacsony karbantartási költségek szóltak. Bár a rozsdás felület melegbarna, a természetet idéző színét is többen pozitívan értékelték, az anyag összhatása miatt az ilyen épületeket csak természeti környezetben tudták elfogadni. A városi rozsdás ház egyértelműen a pusztulás kellemetlen érzetét keltette, ami az anyag építészeti alkalmazását lényegében megszüntette. Az időjárásálló acél az ezredfordulón tért vissza. A jelenséget a tanulmány néhány építészetileg kiemelkedő munka alapján elemzi, kimutatva, hogy – a gyártástechnológia tökéletesítése mellett – a rozsdás időjárásálló acél elfogadását, sőt divattá válását a múlthoz, az időhöz és a technikához való megváltozott viszonyunk magyarázza.

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-Narra, 2019 ) are not enforceable, rendering them optional for most training programs. The psychedelics renaissance has not extended to Black America. Black people continue to use psychedelics at lower rates than Whites ( CBHSQ, 2018 ) and like much of

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