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Eutetranychus orientalis with effects on the development and reproduction (Acari: Tetranychidae). Afr. J. Agric. Sci. 20, 95-102. Toxicity of the orange peel and lemon grass oils to the spider mites Tetranychus urticae and

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. Herron, G. A., Beattie, G. A. C., Kallianpur, A. and Barchia, I. (1998): A potter spray tower bioassay of two petroleum spray oils against adult female Panonychus ulmi (Koch) and Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae). Exp. App. Acarology 22

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The predacious mite Typhlodromips swirskii (Athias-Henriot) completed its life-span when fed on the motile stages of the mango bud mite Aceria mangiferae Sayed, the mango rust mite Metaculus mangiferae (Attiah), the leaf coating mite Cisaberoptus kenyae Keifer and nymphs of mango red mite Oligonychus mangiferus (Rahman and Sabra) in the laboratory at different temperatures and relative humidities. The increase of different temperatures and decrease relative humidities from 25°C and 60% to 30°C and 55% and 35°C and 50% shortened development and increased reproduction and prey consumption. Life table parameters indicated that feeding T. swirskii on A. mangiferae led to the highest reproduction rate (rm = 0.216 females/female/day), while feeding on O. mangiferus gave the lowest reproduction rate (rm= 0.183) at 35°C and 50% R. H. Different prey species of eriophyid mango mites, especially A. mangiferae , have a high nutritional value for T. swirskii , as a facultative predator, than the tetranychid mango mite.

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Hildebrand , D.F. , Rodriguez , J.G. , Brown , G.C. , Luu , K.T. & Volden , C.S. ( 1986 a). Peroxidative responses of leaves in two soybean genotypes injured by two-spotted spider mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) . J. Econ. Entomol

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This paper deals with the description of the protonymph and deutonymph as well as a re-description of the female and male of Neoseiulus bicaudus Wainstein, 1962 collected from Chicory foliage, Cichorium intybus L. (Asteraceae), infested with two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch, Tetranychidae), Ganjnameh, Hamedan, Hamedan province, Iran.

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spider mites of Hainan Island (Acarina: Tetranychidae) . J. Jianxi Univ . 3 , 39 – 49 . Ohrnberger , D. ( 2002 ): Bamboos of the world: Annotated nomenclature and literature of the species and higher and lower taxa . 1st ed. Elsevier Science B

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: Tetranychidae). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica. 36, 155-164. Repellant and oviposition-deterring activity of Rosemary and Sweet marjoram on the spider mites Tetranychus urticae and Eutetranychus orientalis (Acari

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– 15 . Kontschán , J. and Neményi , A. ( 2013 ): Egy bambuszon élő, kelet-ázsiai takácsatka Stigmaeopsis nanjingensis (Ma and Juan, 1980) faj első előfordulása Magyarországon (Acari: Tetranychidae). [An East-Asian tetranychid bamboo inhabiting

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Neoseiulus barkeri (Hughes) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) has been reported from Africa, Asia and Europe, often in association with Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), one of the most important pests of strawberry, cucumber and eggplant in different parts of the world. Neoseiulus barkeri is often observed for a limited time on plants in the absence of prey, feeding on alternative and supplementary foods and reaching high population levels. In this study, we test the hypothesis that various fungi (recorded in association with the host plant) could be suitable food source for the predatory mite N. barkeri . In the laboratory, we compared the developmental times, survival and oviposition rates of the predatory mite feeding on the primary food (T. urticae) or mycelium and spores of Aspergillus niger, Alternaria solani, Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum as alternative or supplementary food. Results indicated that the fungi, A. niger, A. solani and P. digitatum are adequate food sources for generalist mite survival and development. Neoseiulus barkeri was able to sustain oviposition when fed on the fungus A. niger , so it was proved to be an alternative food, conversely the predator failed to oviposit when fed on P. digitatum and A. solani , hence, both fungi can be consider as supplementary food for the predator. The fungus P. italicum is proved to be inadequate food, since most of protonymphs failed to complete its development and reach adult female. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feeding preference and the effect of food items (pest mite or fungi) commonly present on strawberry, cucumber and pepper in fields or greenhouses.

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Agistemus exsertus Gonzalez (Acari: Stigmaeidae) has been reported from Africa, Asia and Europe. In Egypt, it was noted to be associated with Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), one of the most important pest of fruit trees, vegetables and field crops. In this study, we test the hypothesis that factitious prey such as eggs of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella L. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) could be a suitable food source for the predatory mite A. exsertus. In the laboratory, we compared the developmental times, survival and life table parameters of the predatory mite A. exsertus feeding on the natural prey (T. urticae eggs) or the factitious prey (eggs of G. mellonella) as primary / alternative or supplementary food at 30 °C, 70–75% RH and photoperiod of 16: 8 (L: D) hours.Total developmental time of A. exsertus females was faster on eggs of G. mellonella than eggs of T. urticae. A total of 131.5 and 97.9 eggs per female, respectively, were obtained when A. exsertus was fed on eggs of above factitious and natural prey. Life table parameters were estimated as net reproductive rate (Ro) 92.30 and 57.291, intrinsic rate of increase (rm) 0.2384 and 0.2084 days−1, finite rate of increase (λ) 1.2692 and 1.2318, mean generation time (T) 18.98 and 19.41 days and doubling time (DT) 1.26 and 1.44 days when the predator fed on eggs of G. mellonella and T. urticae.Thus, it is concluded that A. exsertus can be considered as a valuable addition to the existing biological control for the pyralid insect, G. mellonella and also the predator can gain equally benefits from predation on factitious and natural prey.

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