Authors:Eloisa Sevilla, Raúl C. Mainar-Jaime, Bernardino Moreno, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel, Mariano Morales, Sara Andrés-Lasheras, Manuel Chirino-Trejo, Juan J. Badiola and Rosa Bolea
concern. Pathogenic E. coli can cause either enteric or extraintestinal disease through the acquisition of several virulence genes. In dogs, two main pathotypes have been associated with enteric disease: enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and attaching and
Authors:Fatemeh Eghbalpoor, Mehri Habibi, Omid Azizi, Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam and Saeid Bouzari
pneumoniae is recognized as a common pathogen associated with both community- and hospital-acquired UTIs [ 2 ]. Its pathogenicity is related to expression of a variety of virulence factors including fimbriae, toxins, iron acquisition systems
Authors:Zsuzsanna Antal, L. Kredics, J. Pakarinen, Ilona Dóczi, Maria Andersson, Mirja Salkinoja-Salonen, L. Manczinger, A. Szekeres, L. Hatvani, C. Vágvölgyi and Elisabeth Nagy
Potential virulence factors of 9 saprophytic and 12 clinical Trichoderma longibrachiatum strains were examined in the present study, in order to compare their capacity to cause infection in humans. All of the strains were able to grow at temperatures up to 40 °C and at pH values ranging from 2.0 to 9.0. Carbon and nitrogen source utilization experiments revealed that all of the strains were able to utilize a series of basic amino acids both as sole carbon and nitrogen sources. The MIC values of the tested antifungal drugs were found to be 0.016-8 µg/ml for amphotericin B, 64-256 µg/ml for fluconazole, 0.5-32 µg/ml for itraconazole and 0.008-1 µg/ml for ketoconazole in the case of the examinedis olates. Metabolites of the strains inhibited the growth of different bacteria, furthermore, compounds produced by three clinical isolates reduced the motility of boar spermatozoa, indicating their toxicity to mammalian cells as well. On the whole, there were no significant differences in the examined features between strains derived from clinical or soil samples. The question, however, whether all environmental Trichoderma longibrachiatum strains have the capacity to cause infections or not, remains still unanswered.
Authors:Laila Ben Said, Ahlem Jouini, Ismail Fliss, Carmen Torres and Naouel Klibi
, J. , Molina-González , D. , Poeta , P. , Igrejas , G. , Alonso-Calleja , C. and Capita , R. ( 2016 ): Antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes in enterococci from wild game meat in Spain . Food. Microbiol. 53 , 156 – 164
Authors:Reza Ranjbar, Masomeh Bolandian and Payam Behzadi
the virulence potential of Shigella species are the considerable risk factors that predispose the infection of shigellosis among different geographic populations. [ 1–3 , 5 , 11–14 ].
The invasive infection of shigellosis is demonstrated