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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: P. Aarnio, J. Ala-Heikkilä, A. Isolankila, A. Kuusi, M. Moring, M. Nikkinen, T. Siiskonen, H. Toivonen, K. Ungar and W. Zhang

Abstract  

Linssi is a Structured Query Language (SQL) database for HPGe gamma-ray spectrometry. It covers the whole production chain from sample preparation to final analysis results. Static or mobile sampling and measurement and multiple sample types are supported. In addition, each sample can be split or combined any number of times. A sample may be measured multiple times and each measurement multiply analyzed as well. With Linssi, measurement setups with detectors, shields, attenuators and source geometries can be defined. Full control of calibrations, their histories and tracing of each calibration point back to its corresponding analysis and calibration measurement is supported. Linssi database and user scripts are available from http://linssi.hut.fi/radphys/linssi.

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Acta Linguistica Academica
Authors: Timofey Arkhangelskiy, Natalia Serdobolskaya and Maria Usacheva

Beserman Udmurt documentation project is a long-term undertaking aimed primarily at collecting lexicographic and corpus data in the field. During our work on the project, we developed a pipeline for collecting, annotating and publishing our data. In this paper, we describe this pipeline and present the online web interface we developed for providing public access to Beserman materials. We use TLex lexicographic software for working on the dictionary and Fieldworks FLEX for annotating the corpus. After the data have been annotated, they are exported to XML and stored in the online web interface, where these two types of data become interconnected and searchable. We propose solutions to challenges that arise in projects of such kind and reflect on various constraints imposed on lexicographic databases being developed in long-term projects aimed at description of underresourced languages. We suggest that the proposed pipeline and the web interface we developed could be employed by similar projects dealing with other minority languages. The web interface based on the database and a corpus of oral Beserman texts is available online at beserman.ru.

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plant available water and bulk density in Swedish agricultural soils. Acta Agric. Scand. Sec. B. 56. 263–276. Leij, F. J. et al., 1999. The UNSODA unsaturated soil hydraulic database. In: Proc. Int. Workshop

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Scientometrics
Authors: Gavin LaRowe, Sumeet Ambre, John Burgoon, Weimao Ke and Katy Börner

Abstract  

The Scholarly Database aims to serve researchers and practitioners interested in the analysis, modelling, and visualization of large-scale data sets. A specific focus of this database is to support macro-evolutionary studies of science and to communicate findings via knowledge-domain visualizations. Currently, the database provides access to about 18 million publications, patents, and grants. About 90% of the publications are available in full text. Except for some datasets with restricted access conditions, the data can be retrieved in raw or pre-processed formats using either a web-based or a relational database client. This paper motivates the need for the database from the perspective of bibliometric/scientometric research. It explains the database design, setup, etc., and reports the temporal, geographical, and topic coverage of data sets currently served via the database. Planned work and the potential for this database to become a global testbed for information science research are discussed at the end of the paper.

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http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/health/public_health/data_public_health/database http://www.who.int/cancer/detection/breastcancer/en/index3.html

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Abstract  

The applicability of the INIS database for literature retrieval on nuclear-related analytical techniques [e.g. neutron activation analysis (NAA), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE)] has been studied. There exist about 9700 documents on NAA and other forms of activation analysis, about 3500 documents on XRF and about 1200 documents on PIXE in the database collected from 1976 until July 1988. They cover a variety of elements and matrices in the fields of biology, geochemistry and the physical sciences. Some technical notes and comments on the practical use of this database are also included.

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69 71 Swinnen, S. G., Simon, A. C. R., Holleman, F., et al.: Insulin detemir versus insulin glargine for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst. Rev

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Scientometrics
Authors: Isabel Gómez, Rosa Sancho, Luz Moreno and María Fernández

Abstract  

The coverage of Latin American journals by international databases influences the visibility of these countries' scientific output, and has a direct effect in their activity index per scientific discipline. Local, regional and international character of the most visible Latin American journals in SCI expanded and restricted databases is analysed, as well as its influence in the percentage share of each country in certain disciplines. Suggestions to enhance visibility of local journals are presented.

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Abstract  

This study compares information obtained from the INIST/CNRS bibliographical database PASCAL with that found in theAtlas of Science published by ISI. The goal of the comparison was to contribute, to a better understanding of how databases can be used to carry out fine-grained studies of social and cognitive factors which affect the definition of a scientific research program. The program studied concern the development of research on brushborder cell membranes.

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Abstract  

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) maintains a database of biological and environmental reference materials of natural origin (human and animal tissues, foods, plants, soils, sediments, etc.) for trace elements, radionuclides, stable isotopes, organic contaminants and other related measurands. The purpose is to help analysts to select reference materials for quality assurance purposes that match as closely as possible (i.e., with respect to matrix type and concentrations of the measurands of interest) the real samples that are to be analyzed. Former versions of this database were prepared in co-operation with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and provided as hardcopies free of charge. The latest version was from 1995. More recently the database has been updated by the IAEA so that it now contains more than 22,500 values (mass fraction or concentration) for 660 different measurands and 1,705 reference materials developed by 56 producers from 22 countries. This paper gives an overview of the structure and content of the database and of the two ways it may be browsed. Emphasis is given to reference materials that are intended to verifying analysis for radioanalytical measurements. The database is soon accessible on-line, cost-free, via the internet.

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