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Abstract  

Our study evaluates results and impacts of the Framework Programs (FP) 5 and 6 in the Czech Republic. Publications resulting from the FP projects had 42% higher mean citation rate and 77% more EU-25 collaborations than the Czech standards. Teams participating in the FP are better-than-average, because citation rate of all their papers is 21% higher than the Czech standards. The most striking finding is the marked influence of FP on research direction. After the project start, the participating teams published papers in ten new fields in which they did not publish before the project. In 45 other fields, more than 200% increase of papers was observed.

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Equivalence scales are commonly employed in income analysis to compare the wealth of households of various compositions (e.g., 0-child, 1-child). The choice of weights for this type of analysis is not self-evident. In this paper, subjective equivalence scales for households in Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary are estimated. We use longitudinal EU-SILC data for 2005–2012 following the approach of Goedhart et al. (1977) as employed by Bishop et al. (2014). The use of longitudinal data shows that previous results on the subjective minimum income that were based on the OLS estimates for cross-section data overestimated the impact from current income and underestimated the role of economies of scale. Subjective equivalence scales imply a decreasing marginal cost of children in the three countries, which makes them distinct from the OECD scale. The marginal cost of a first child is similar to the values assumed in the OECD scale, but the cost of a second child is much lower.

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Foreign competition in domestic markets is still strengthening and for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) internationalization may be one way to deal with this growing rivalry. Pangarkar (2008) states that for SMEs the benefits of internationalization outweigh its disadvantages and that with the increasing degree of involvement in the internationalization process the performance of SMEs also improves. However, for SMEs from some sectors of our economy, involvement in internationalization is more complex than for large enterprises; moreover, they are often inclined to enter foreign markets due to different motives. The authors carried out several surveys among Czech SMEs during the last three years and found that SMEs from some sectors of the Czech economy mentioned the EU accession of the Czech Republic as their motive for internationalization. The aim of this paper is to find out whether EU membership represents the determining factor of the SMEs’ decision to get involved in internationalization, and what its advantages or disadvantages are as perceived by SMEs in connection with their international activities. Conclusions are drawn on the basis of primary data obtained from Czech SMEs through electronic questionnaire surveys.

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1 This paper was supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic under the project ‘Financial crisis, depreciation and credit crunch in the countries of Central and

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In the past few years, several papers have been published in the international literature on the impact of the economic crisis on health and health care. However, there is limited knowledge on this topic regarding the Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. The main aims of this study are to examine the effect of the financial crisis on health care spending in four CEE countries (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia) in comparison with the OECD countries. In this paper we also revised the literature for economic crisis related impact on health and health care system in these countries. OECD data released in 2012 were used to examine the differences in growth rates before and after the financial crisis. We examined the ratio of the average yearly growth rates of health expenditure expressed in USD (PPP) between 2008–2010 and 2000–2008. The classification of the OECD countries regarding “development” and “relative growth” resulted in four clusters. A large diversity of “relative growth” was observed across the countries in austerity conditions, however the changes significantly correlate with the average drop of GDP from 2008 to 2010. To conclude, it is difficult to capture visible evidence regarding the impact of the recession on the health and health care systems in the CEE countries due to the absence of the necessary data. For the same reason, governments in this region might have a limited capability to minimize the possible negative effects of the recession on health and health care systems.

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In the period between 1918 and 1945 military surveys or revision of previous maps were undertaken in the newly established Czechoslovak state. From this period, four sets of military topographic maps can be distinguished. The first set is represented by revised maps of the Third Austrian Military Survey. The revision was conducted between 1921 and 1954 and the map sheets are at scale 1:25 000. The second set is the maps of provisional military survey from 1923 to 1933 at scales 1:10 000 and 1:20 000. They were drawn in the Beneš’s normal conformal conic projection and were completed only for a few percents of the state territory. The third set includes maps from 1934–1938, when a definite military survey was carried out. These 1:20 000 maps were completed using the Křovák’s oblique conformal conic projection, covering again only a part of the state territory, in this case almost one tenth of it. Finally, the German maps called “Messtischblätter” (plane table sheets) were created during the German occupation of the Czech lands in the World War II at scale 1:25 000. They were created in the Gauss-Krüger transverse cylindrical projection and covered about 10% of the state territory, mainly in Moravia. All four map sets used the Bessel’s ellipsoid.

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Kubát K. — Hrouda L. — Chrtek J. — Kirschner J. — Štěpánek J. (eds.):2002. Key to the Flora of the Czech Republic — Academia, Prague 928 p. (in Czech) Lepš J. — Šmilauer P.:2003. Multivariate analysis of ecological

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.economics.harvard.edu/faculty/barro/barro.html Turnovec, F. (2000): Privatization and Transparency: Evidence from the Czech Republic. In: Hölscher, J. (ed.): Financial Turbulence and Capital Markets in Transition Countries. London: Macmillan Press, New York: St Martin's Press

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stable growth rate in the CEE countries, such as Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Romania, and Croatia in recent years are especially remarkable, and they are usually good choices for market participants looking to diversify their portfolios

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