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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Leila Ben Said, Raoudha Dziri, Nadia Sassi, Carmen Lozano, Karim Ben Slama, Imen Ouzari, Carmen Torres and Naouel Klibi

. , Torres , C. and Ben Slama , K. ( 2016 ): Antibiotic resistance and virulence of enterococci isolates from healthy humans in Tunisia . Ann. Microbiol. 66 , 717 – 725 . Buma , R

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Afshari, F. 2008. Identification of virulence factors of Puccinia triticina , the casual agent of wheat leaf rust in Iran. Proc.11 th Int. Wheat Genet. Symp., http://hdl.handle.net/2123

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pneumoniae is recognized as a common pathogen associated with both community- and hospital-acquired UTIs [ 2 ]. Its pathogenicity is related to expression of a variety of virulence factors including fimbriae, toxins, iron acquisition systems

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Murphy, B. R., Hinshaw, V. S., Sly, D. L.: Virulence of avian influenza A viruses for squirrel monkeys. Infect Immun 37 , 1119-1126 (1982). Virulence of avian influenza A viruses for

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Eloisa Sevilla, Raúl C. Mainar-Jaime, Bernardino Moreno, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel, Mariano Morales, Sara Andrés-Lasheras, Manuel Chirino-Trejo, Juan J. Badiola and Rosa Bolea

concern. Pathogenic E. coli can cause either enteric or extraintestinal disease through the acquisition of several virulence genes. In dogs, two main pathotypes have been associated with enteric disease: enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and attaching and

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. Shin , J. , Ko , K.S. : Comparative study of genotype and virulence in CTX-M-producing and non-extended-spectrum-ß-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates . Antimicrob Agents Chemother 58 , 2463 – 2467 ( 2014

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, R. , Gyles , C. L. , Reid- Smith , R. , Janecko , N. , Lim , H. , Nicholson , V. , Mc Ewen , S. A. , Friendship , R. and Archambault , M. ( 2005 ): Antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes of Escherichia coli isolates from swine

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wheat leaf rust ( Puccinia triticina ) races and virulence changes in Slovakia in 1994–2004 . Biologia 63 : 1 – 4 . Hanzalová , A. , Huszár , J. , Herzová , E. , Bartoš , P

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Miller 1999 A new pathway for the secretion of virulence factors by bacteria: The flagellar export apparatus functions as a protein-secretion system Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Zsuzsanna Antal, L. Kredics, J. Pakarinen, Ilona Dóczi, Maria Andersson, Mirja Salkinoja-Salonen, L. Manczinger, A. Szekeres, L. Hatvani, C. Vágvölgyi and Elisabeth Nagy

Potential virulence factors of 9 saprophytic and 12 clinical Trichoderma longibrachiatum strains were examined in the present study, in order to compare their capacity to cause infection in humans. All of the strains were able to grow at temperatures up to 40 °C and at pH values ranging from 2.0 to 9.0. Carbon and nitrogen source utilization experiments revealed that all of the strains were able to utilize a series of basic amino acids both as sole carbon and nitrogen sources. The MIC values of the tested antifungal drugs were found to be 0.016-8 µg/ml for amphotericin B, 64-256 µg/ml for fluconazole, 0.5-32 µg/ml for itraconazole and 0.008-1 µg/ml for ketoconazole in the case of the examinedis olates. Metabolites of the strains inhibited the growth of different bacteria, furthermore, compounds produced by three clinical isolates reduced the motility of boar spermatozoa, indicating their toxicity to mammalian cells as well. On the whole, there were no significant differences in the examined features between strains derived from clinical or soil samples. The question, however, whether all environmental Trichoderma longibrachiatum strains have the capacity to cause infections or not, remains still unanswered.

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