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carboxylesterase involved in malathion-specific resistance from Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) . Ins. Bioch. Mol. Bio. , 32 , 1181 – 1190 . Jola , B. S. and Chawla , P. P. ( 1988 ): Comparative susceptibility of field population of

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Angelov, P.A. (1995): Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Part I. Prioninae, Lepturinae, Necydalinae, Aseminae, Cerambycinae. In: V. Golemansky (ed.): Fauna Bulgarica. Vol. 24. Academie Scientiarium Bulgaricae, Sofia, 206

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with three diatomaceous earth formulations against Sitophilus granarius (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Biol. Control , 40, 411–416. Steenberg T. Insecticidal effect of Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin (Ascomycota

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volatiles disrupt and enhance response to aggregation pheromones by the ambrosia beetle, Gnathotrichus sulcatus (Coleoptera : Scolytidae) . Can. J. Forest Res. 28 , 1697 – 1705 . doi: 10.1139/x98

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Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) is a severe disease of rice in Africa. It is naturally transmitted by several species of beetles. Chaetocnema pulla is widely believed to be an important vector of RYMV in Tanzania. However, the high incidence of RYMV in some rice fields where C. pulla was not seen in large numbers indicated that more vectors of the virus might exist. Transmission studies conducted showed Dactylispa lenta to be a vector of RYMV in Tanzania. This has not been previously known.

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The paper analyzed the changes of beetle assemblages in the litter layer of eutrophic pine forests in the zone polluted by a nitrogen fertilizer plant Joint Stock Company “Achema” (Lithuania). We hypothesized that abundance, diversity and life traits of beetle assemblages depend on the distance from the pollution source. The samples of the litter layer were taken from pine stands at the distances of 3, 5, 10 and 20 km from the plant. The PCA and GLM analyses were used to reduce the number of variables to the main environmental gradient and assess the influence of environmental factors on beetle abundance, number of species, and life traits. The dependence of species number, abundance and the presence of forest and dendrophagous species on the distance from the plant was detected. A significant impact of organic carbon content, nitrogen emission and moss cover on other life traits of beetles was disclosed. The abundance of moss fraction in the litter layer was positively correlated with increasing distance from the plant. The ability to tolerate polluted sites by three species: Atheta fungi, Micrambe abietis and Brassicogethes aeneus, and intolerance of pollution by eight species: Bryaxis puncticollis, Quedius limbatus, Cyphon pubescens, Cephenium majus, Cyphon padi, Cyphon variabilis, Gabrius appendiculatus and Philonthus cognatus, were detected by IndVal analysis. The distribution of litter species was affected by the distance from the plant and by the richness of moss cover.

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Coats, S.A., Tollefson, J. J. and Mutchmor, J.A. (1986): Study of migratory flight in the western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Environ. Entomol. 15, 620

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We suggest the use of a graphical method, involving a standardisation of the seasonal activity curves and their subsequent comparison by a percentile-percentile graph as an easy way to compare seasonal activities in arthropods. To test the suitability of the suggested method, the seasonal dynamics of three common carabid beetles, Pterostichus melanarius, Nebria brevicollis and Carabus nemoralis were compared in three habitats (rural forest, suburban and urban forest fragments) along an urbanisation gradient near Sorø, Denmark, in 2004 and 2005. Activity in urban habitats often started earlier, possibly caused by the warmer microclimate in the city centre. The comparative graphs indicated the unsuitability of the suburban habitat for N. brevicollis, and the differential suitability as overwintering habitat of the three urbanisation stages for C. nemoralis. The method seems suitable to analyse differences in seasonal activity while being more sensitive than traditional seasonal-activity graphs.

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Cherry, R. H., Klein, M. G. and Leal, W. S. (1996): Attraction of adult Anomala marginata (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) to anethole. J. Agric. Ent. 13, 359–364. Leal W. S

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Abdalla, E. F. (1991):Activity of the slaked lime mixed with cattle manure against the grubs of the rose scarabaeid, Tropinota squalida (Scop.) (Scarabaeidae: Coleoptera). Pakistan J. Zool. 23, 89

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