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architecture of recession - New tendencies in architectural planning Habilitation Lecture 2014 Hungary Pollack Mihály Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs

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Dietary fibres (DFs) are essential components of the balanced diet. Even though the adequate level of their consumption can be ensured from several natural (e.g. fruit, vegetables, legumes) and ‘artificial’ sources (e.g. functional foods), the consumed levels are below the recommendations. To analyse the Hungarian and Romanian consumers’ knowledge level, their perceptions of the health benefits associated with fibre, as well as the recognition of the potential information sources, a survey questionnaire was conducted with the total of 713 consumers. Results showed that the level of knowledge about DFs was not adequate. Internet was found to be widely used and identified as one of the most appropriate information sources to encourage the consumption of DF. It was a favourable result that three-quarter of the respondents was interested in the topic of healthy food consumption; however, just less than half of them took into consideration the label information during their shopping decisions. To increase the consumption of DF and to support the responsibility and conscious consumer decisions steps must to be done (e.g. education of children, pointing out of the sources). For this purpose, modern information technology and communication channels fitting to the consumers’ cultural and personal particularities can be utilized.

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The present study’s primary objective is to identify contributing factors in selecting and evaluating a seafood supplier within the Taiwanese hospitality industry. It illustrates the application of a multicriteria decision-making process to supplier selection within a service setting where it is less common than in a manufacturing context. To implement the study, a survey instrument was created and submitted to Taiwanese hospitality firms, namely hotels and restaurants, to identify contributing factors in the selection of a seafood supplier within six initial areas concerning food hygiene, stafftraining, crisis management, information technology, competitive ability, and logistics and quality assurance. The analytic hierarchical process (AHP) was then applied to the survey results, and the first- and second-level hierarchical factors were rigorously identified and ranked. These can be regarded as useful benchmarks in identifying and ranking the selection and evaluation of a food supplier within the industry. The present study enhances the understanding of supplier selection in the hospitality industry and provides insights which hospitality firms can apply in managing their supply chains. The managerial and research implications of these findings are discussed.

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Széles körű kutatások bontakoztak ki egy új terminológiai elmélet kidolgozására. A vizsgálatok jelenlegi szakaszában az alapfogalmak meghatározása, és korszerű vizsgálati módszereket biztosító modellek létrehozása került az érdeklődés középpontjába. Egy kidolgozandó új elméletben alapvető szerepet játszhatnak az absztrakt modellek. Ebben a tanulmányban a természettudományok és az információtechnológia területén széles körben alkalmazott modellekből indulunk ki, és egy általunk a terminus vektormodell-jének nevezett modellre teszünk javaslatot. Összefoglaljuk az új terminusmodell kidolgozásának előzményeit, kimutatjuk a vektormodell várható előnyeit a terminológiai alkalmazás esetében, majd ismertetjük a javasolt modellt. A modell alkalmazási lehetőségére a fordítási folyamat terminusvektorral való értelmezésével mutatunk példát.

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A Betegségek Nemzetközi Osztályozása 11. kiadásának fejlesztése 2007 óta folyik, elkészültét jelenleg 2017-re tervezi a folyamatot koordináló Egészségügyi Világszervezet. Az új betegségbesorolási rendszer struktúrájában követi a Betegségek Nemzetközi Osztályozása 10. kiadásának felépítését, ugyanakkor lényegesen részletesebb, több szempontot tartalmazó entitásokat határoz meg, mint az. A fejlesztés során törekszenek arra, hogy a 11. kiadás definícióit összehangolják más informatikai rendszerek kódjaival. Mindez a jelenleginél sokkal nagyobb mennyiségű klinikai információ statisztikai célú feldolgozását teszi majd lehetővé, ugyanakkor összetettsége miatt a fejlesztési folyamat sok nehézségbe is ütközik. A fejlesztők az interneten jelenleg hozzáférhető béta-változattal kapcsolatban minden szakember megjegyzéseit várják. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(39), 1535–1537.

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In Hungary, there is an active practice for inspecting crimes committed in information technology environments as well as crimes affecting intellectual property as the two areas often overlap. Recently a criminal infringement of copyright occurred in a very special environment — the virtual world of Second Life. In this paper, the questions raised by the above-mentioned case from a legal and IT forensic perspective will be present along with the recommended answers from the authors.

The first half of the paper will present the specialties of virtual world environments and how the criminal investigation was started. General criminal procedure norms governing IT forensics will be discussed. The question of how copyright law protects avatars or virtual items in Second Life and how the financial value of a virtual item can be determined will be answered. The remainder of the paper will present, in detail, the IT forensic examination of the concrete criminal case where illegal copies of avatars appeared in Second Life. The question regarding how digital evidences can be obtained from simulated virtual environments from a legal and IT forensic perspective will be discussed in details.

The paper was written in order to stimulate interest in the special field of relationship between IT forensics, criminal law and virtual worlds because there are hardly any articles dealing with the aforementioned problem in scientific literature.

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Abstract  

This article describes the application of co-nomination analysis, a technique designed to map the structure of a research community. The technique was used as part of the evaluation of the UK national information technology programme, which sponsors collaborative research between firms and between firms and universities. Co-nomination networks are based upon responses to questionnaires which researchers are asked to nominate other researchers whose work is similar or relevant to their own. Researchers nominated in the same response are presumed to be linked, and where these links occur with multiple frequency, the likelihood of their being significant is increased. The article describes the extension of a network which had been previously identified and compares the citation scores of researchers identified in the networks. It is concluded that the networks represented were realistic and a useful input to the evaluation. Industrial and government researchers with low citation scores were in some cases central to the networks, suggesting that co-nomination is useful in areas where publication is restricted or considered less important. Further development of the technique is planed.

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Abstract  

The interplay and cross-fertilization between science and technology, but also the specific role of science for technological development, have received ample attention in both the research and the policy communities. It is in this context that the concepts of absorptive capacity and knowledge spillovers play an important role. We operationalize the science-technology link by quantifying and modeling bibliographic references to the scientific literature as they occur in patents. This approach allows exploring the associative patterns between science creation (as emerging from the scientific literature) and technology development (as emerging from the patent literature). In the current paper, we focus on an analysis of the geographic distribution of the science citation patterns in patents, singling out two fields of (different) technological development, namely biotechnology and information technology. In both fields, the science citation flows from the European, Japanese and US science bases into USPTO and EPO-patents are explored and modeled. Intensive geographic citation flows between the regions are identified, pointing (amongst others) to the strength of both the US and the European science bases as sources for technological activity and creativity around the world.

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Abstract  

Nanotechnology is a novel technological field said to be one of the key technologies in the 21st century revoltionizing information technology, materials and medicine. Bibliometric quantification is a way to show the emergence of a new technology.Braun et al.1 could establish an exponential growth pattern of publications in nano-science and technology starting in the early 1990s. Using their study as basis we intend to further characterize nanotechnology using bibliometric as well as patent data. We can show that the share of boundary-spanning publications is exceptionally high in the field of nanotechnology. Our co-authorship analysis indicates that countries follow different patterns of collaboration. Some countries tend to have bilateral relations while others collaborate with a much larger array of nations. Patent data in combination with bibliometric reveals differences in the application of science. In our conclusion we raise a number of questions requiring an analysis using also other types of data. Still, a closer investigation and disaggregation of bibliometric data may come up with additional findings.

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A betegek oktatásának fontos szerepe van a betegségek prevenciójában és terápiájában. Az oktatás lehetővé teszi a szükséges információk átadását, a készségek fejlesztését, valamint a megfelelő motivációk kialakítását, a betegséggel való megküzdés támogatását. Bár számos információforrás rendelkezésre áll, továbbra is szükség van szervezett betegoktatásra. A személyre szabott betegoktatás hatékonyabbnak bizonyult, mint az általános oktatóanyagok használata. Az információtechnológia megfelelő alkalmazása lehetővé teszi a személyre szabott oktatás széles körű, költséghatékony megvalósítását. A szerzők megvizsgálják, hogy egy ilyen rendszer kialakításához milyen komponensekre van szükség. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 403–408.

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