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Authors: Y. Yuthavong, K. Phornsadja, A. Chungcharoen, T. Eisemon and C. Davis

Abstract  

Thailand has a growing demand for improved science-based technologies in the agricultural sector. Traditionally strong in agricultural research, Thailand is encouraging agricultural applications of biotechnology through focused research funding. This article provides a brief account of the status of scientific research in the Thai orchid and seed industries, and examines communication behavior of researchers and innovators in Thai universities, research institutions and firms. Researchers produce relatively few written communications in tissue culture and seed technologies, and technology diffusion relies mainly on personal interactions between the researchers, intermediaries, and users of innovations.

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Abstract  

The theory of citations should not consider cited and/or citing agents as its sole subject of study. One is able to study also the dynamics in the networks of communications. While communicating agents (e.g., authors, laboratories, journals) can be made comparable in terms of their publication and citation counts, one would expect the communication networks not to be homogeneous. The latent structures of the network indicate different codifications that span a space of possible “translations”. The various subdynamics can be hypothesized from an evolutionary perspective. Using the network of aggregated journal-journal citations inScience & Technology Studies as an empirical case, the operation of such subdynamics can be demonstrated. Policy implications and the consequences for a theory-driven type of scientometrics will be elaborated.

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health emergency, and it shows why we need to improve health communication continuously. In the European Commission’s Assessment Report on EU-wide pandemic vaccine strategies, they state that “ pandemic planners need to find a way to get health

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The quest for a general account of communication

A review of Sociobiology of Communication, edited by Patrizia D'Ettorre and David P. Hughes. Oxford University Press (2008), 308+xiv pages, £75.00 ($150.00). ISBN: 0199216833 (hardback)

Author: Thomas C. Scott-Phillips

Oxford University Press Oxford . T. C. Scott-Phillips 2008 Defining biological communication Journal of

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The intention of this paper is to present the empirical research results of the Slovak youth lingual-communication behaviour in Slovakia and Hungary, whereas this research work was performed in both countries in the year 2010. Expressions of a spoken form of the Slovak language were investigated in surroundings which are typical for the application of the written language as a form of a social contact in school: with friends, peers, and in the family. The referential framework of this paper consists of three levels of analysis: 1. the analysis of communication skills in Slovak and Hungarian; 2. the analysis of the evaluation of life values; 3. the correlation of these parameters: language communication skills versus the perception of ethnic values (mother tongue).

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Abstract  

This study applies a method of author co-citation analysis to examine the intellectual structure of political communication study. Fifty one influential authors were selected from active members of the Political Communication Divisions of the International Communication Association (ICA), the National Communication Association (NCA), and the American Political Science Association (APSA). The results of the multidimensional scaling analysis and cluster analysis of these 51 selected authors' co-citation patterns show that intellectual fragmentation exists in political communication research; scholars with different academic backgrounds exhibit specialties using particular research approaches to study certain subjects in the field; scholars do not have much information exchange, and thus they are intellectually separate and confined within the boundaries of each fragment. The findings of this quantitative study complements and cross-validates the assessment made by other traditional qualitative reviews about the field.

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Abstract  

The central activity on which scientific enterprise revolves and is sustained is communication. Under normal circumstances, there is a correlation between the output of a scientist in terms of publications and the amount of time spent in communicating with other scientists or the extent of his contacts with other scientists. This relationship was investigated among physical scientists in some Nigerian universities; but the results do not substantiate it. This can be attributed to a host of constraints being experienced by the scientists in their research and communication activities. Consequently, performance in these activities is inconsistent and unpredictable, and so, there can be no systematic relationship between productivity and communication activities.

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Abstract  

This paper1 provides further evidence for the validity of the holography and maximum speed principles. Supportive examples stem from an attempt to measure speed indicators in scientific communication processes directly; from a new scientific communication channel launched by the Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia, USA; from a search for correlations between scientometric indicators and socio-economic indicators; and from a study of rank distribution, phenomena occurring in the transition from individual to collective parameters for ranking of scientific journals. Examples of this kind increase the reliability of the behavioral principles when these are imposed on the design, performance and use of both the formal and informal channels of the system of scientific communication.

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The article deals with various therapeutic aspects of writing down one's requests and problems in a so called pilgrim book. With help of text passages people's strategies and different scopes are illustrated. Simple formulas e.g. established within the religious context can help to bridge speechlessness and silence, the falling back on traditionally proven forms and behaviours may create a certain feeling of security. Certain tendencies of “using” religion become apparent: religion has to place categories at people's disposal to compensate experiences of contingency connected with pressing problems, personal crises and social border experiences. The “benefits” of the religious system are in demand above all in the case of individual crises, where the social mechanisms of contingency absorption do not work any more or do not work enough. The article focuses also on the specific communication with God, Jesus or Mary: as they “know” what people mean, there is no risk to be misunderstood. The pilgrim book figures as mirror of longings, deficits, doubts and fantasies in recent societies.

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Abstract  

As the first part of a two-phase study, 240 documents highly cited in a self-created Chinese database and inScience Citation Index for the period of 1987–89 were examined to delineate the formal structure of communication in superconductivity research. Noteworthy similarities, e.g., analogous cited cores, identical publication sources, and comparable intellectual structures of cocitation data, were found in formal communication between Chinese and non-Chinese scientists. However, differences were also located in citedness, timeliness, and direction of communication.

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