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Authors: Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Roser Granero, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Astrid Müller, Matthias Brand, Teresa Mena-Moreno, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, María Lozano-Madrid, José M. Menchón and Susana Jiménez-Murcia

Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013 ) did not categorize PB as a mental disorder ( Piquet-Pessôa, Ferreira, Melca, & Fontenelle, 2014 ; Potenza, 2014 ). However, PB is often clinically classified as a

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; Kuss, & Griffiths, 2012 ). Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has been defined as a behavioral addiction and was included in Section III of the DSM-5 as a tentative disorder requiring further research ( American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). During

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; Festl, Scharkow, & Quandt, 2013 ; Griffiths, King, & Demetrovics, 2014 ), Internet gaming disorder (IGD) has been included in section III of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric

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Authors: Áron Gyepesi and Béla Buda

References APA ( 2012 ). DSM-5 Development . Retrieved April 26, 2012, from http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevision/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=398

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to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). Example adapted items are as follows: “I am preoccupied with my smartphone,” “I use my smartphone to escape or

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Authors: Alexandra Torres-Rodríguez, Mark D. Griffiths, Xavier Carbonell and Ursula Oberst

). Video game addiction in the form of “Internet gaming disorder” (IGD) was included in Section 3 of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013 ). In addition, the

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Authors: Tivadar Lucza, Kázmér Karádi, Sámuel Komoly, József Janszky, János Kállai, Attila Makkos, Márton Kovács, Rita Weintraut, Gabriella Deli, Zsuzsanna Aschermann and Norbert Kovács

Absztrakt

Az összefoglaló közleményben a szerzők részletesen bemutatják a Parkinson-kórhoz társuló neurokognitív zavarok jellegzetességeit, felmérésük lehetséges módjait és kezelési lehetőségeit. A neurokognitív zavarok meghatározását sokáig nehezítette a diagnosztikai kritériumrendszerek sokszínűsége. Az Amerikai Pszichiátriai Társaság által a Mentális Rendellenességek Kórmeghatározó és Statisztikai Kézikönyvének ötödik átdolgozása (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5) magával hozta a major és az enyhe neurokognitív zavar megnevezéseket a demencia és az enyhe kognitív zavar fogalmát helyettesítendően. A DSM-5 neurokognitív zavarra vonatkozó definíciói a klinikumban jól alkalmazhatóak, ám szükségessé vált a leggyakrabban használt szűrőtesztek, úgymint a Mini-Mentál Státus Vizsgálat, az Addenbrooke Kognitív Vizsgálat, a Montreal Kognitív Felmérés és a Mattis Demencia Pontozó Skála új kritériumrendszerhez való adaptálása. Magyar Parkinson-kóros populáción végzett validálási vizsgálatok alapján a minor neurokognitív zavarra vonatkozóan a legjobb diszkriminációs képességgel rendelkező határértékek az iskolázottság mértékétől függően változnak (Addenbrooke Kognitív Vizsgálat: 0–8 év iskolázottság esetén: 82,5, 9–12 év esetén: 83,5, ≥13 év esetén: 84,5 pont; Mini-Mentál Státus Vizsgálat: 26,5–27,5–28,5 pont; Montreal Kognitív Felmérés: 23,5–24,5–24,5 pont; Mattis Demencia Pontozó Skála: 138,5–139,5–139,5 pont). Orv. Hetil., 2015, 156(23), 915–926.

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Authors: Teszár Dávid Tibor, Csákvári Judit, Pléh Csaba and Fülöp Éva

Irodalom American Psychiatric Association . ( 2013 ). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®) . American Psychiatric Pub. Magyarul DSM-V . Budapest : Oriold

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Abstract

Background and aims

Binge eating disorder (BED) is a relatively common condition, especially in young adult females, and is characterized by chronic over-consumption of food resulting in embarrassment, distress, and potential health problems. It is formally included as a disorder in DSM-5 for the first time, an acknowledgement to its debilitating nature. This article explores the overlap between binge eating disorder and substance use disorders (SUD).

Methods

The bibliographic search was a computerized screen of PubMed databases from January 1990 to the present. Binge eating disorder, substance use disorder, binging, obesity, food addiction, comorbidity, dopamine, opioid, serotonin, glutamate, and pharmacological treatment were the keywords used in searching.

Results

BED shares similar phenomenology to SUD, including significant urges to engage in binging episodes, resulting in distress and impairment. Similar neurobiological pathways are found in both BED and SUD and medications based on similar neurobiology have been examined for both disorders. A subset of individuals with BED may have a “food addiction”, but there is no clinical agreement on the meaning of “food addiction”. Exploring the relationship between BED and obesity may also shed light on the extent to which BED can be viewed as an addiction.

Conclusions

Overall, nascent research regarding BED and SUD suggests an overlap between these disorders, but there are discrepancies between these two disorders that need further exploration.

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Authors: Chih-Hung Ko and Ju-Yu Yen

. ( 2014 ). Evaluation of the diagnostic criteria of Internet gaming disorder in the DSM-5 among young adults in Taiwan . Journal of Psychiatric Research , 53 , 103 – 110 . Petry , N

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