. (1987): The geographical distribution and frequency of virulence determinants in Bremia lactucae: relationships between genetic control and host selection. In: Wolfe, M. S. and Caten, C. E. (eds): Populations of Plant Pathogens: Their Dynamics and
Authors:J. Hacker, Gabrielle Blum-Oehler, Bianca Hochhut and U. Dobrindt
Hacker, J., Blum-Oehler, G., Janke, B., Nagy, G., Goebel, W.: Pathogenicity islands of extraintestinal Escherichia coli . In: Kaper, J., Hacker, J. (eds): Pathogenicity islands and other mobile virulence
Mekalanos, J. J. 1996: Alterations in Vibrio cholerae motility phenotypes correlate with changes in virulence factor expression. Infect. Immun. 64 , 2246-2255.
Alterations in Vibrio cholerae motility phenotypes correlate with
Authors:Z. Fang, D. Sun, J. Gao, M. Guo, L. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Lıu, R. Wang, Q. Deng, D. Xu and R. Gooneratne
As an occasional foodborne pathogen in seafood, Vibrio parahaemolyticus has been responsible for gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide. Shewanella putrefaciens coexists with V. parahaemolyticus and increases virulence factors of V
and inadequate antibiotic development encouraged the re-use of old antibiotics [ 11–14 ]. Efflux pumps can be effective in cell signaling, metabolism, homeostasis and different roles such as bacterial virulence. There are five main efflux pumps in