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Abstract  

The 18 km long banks of the Bohunice NPP waste water recipient are contaminated by137Cs as a result of two accidents on the CO2 cooled NPP-A1 unit in 1976 and 1977. Contamination acceptance limits 6 or 8 Bq137Cs/g of soil, depending on contaminated area size, were derived on the basis of developed principles, and approved by the authorities. Removing and safe burial of 1100 m3 of contaminated soil from steep area and 15 cm thick clean soil covering on about 1 ha of flat area of the contaminated banks is planned in frame of the re-considered restoration project implementation in 1995/96.

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Abstract

In the course of the archaeological investigation the burial chapel of the Angevin dinasty in Székesfehérvár, on the south side of the Provostry church could be identified. The chapel dedicated to St. Catherine was founded about 1370. The red marble tombs of King Louis the Great and of his daughter Catherine were localized on the basis of their fragments. The marble fragments have contributed also to the knowledge of the monuments, and are treated here mainly from the point of view of the costume as well as of their place in the history of 14th century sculpture.

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Anders, A.–Nagy, E. Gy. 2007 Late Neolithic burial rites at the site of Polgár-Csőszhalom-dűlő. In: J. K. Kozłowski–P. Raczky (eds): The Lengyel, Polgár and related cultures in the Middle/Late Neolithic in Central Europe

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On the coins in the cemetery of the Hungarian commoners at Magyarhomorog-Kónyadomb . The Magyarhomorog-Kónyadomb cemetery, in which 540 graves of the Hungarian commoners were unearthed from the 10 th –12 th centuries, was the richest one in the Carpathian Basin in regard of coins: a hundred and ninety-nine coins were uncovered in 145 graves, mostly of adults, from the period between (Saint) Stephen I (1000–1038) and Stephen II (1116–1131). The majority of the coins were intact; two of them were folded in half. Coins cut to pieces were placed in 48 graves: the fragments either belonged to the same item or they were independent segments. They appeared in three functions in the burial rite: in clusters as perforated coin ornaments (3 graves of children), as burial obols in the mouth or the hands 69 graves and as diverse coin grave-goods 98 graves. The distribution of the graves with coins shows a relative chronology in concentric stripes, where the oldest ones are in the centre. The village that used the cemetery has not yet been identified.

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The authors discuss a group of objects having specific or cultic functions in the late neolithic Lengyel culture, which had formerly been referred to as “lamps”, “clay lamps” or “small clay altars”. These objects have been known from the entire occupation territory of the Lengyel community. However, recent excavations uncovered similar finds in a few graves of the Lengyel cemetery at Alsónyék-Bátaszék, which represent new types of the discussed group of objects. The Alsónyék cemetery with the unearthed 2400 burials of the Lengyel period and the settlement with 90 houses are the largest cemetery and settlement of the Eurasian area to date. The authors describe and publish these objects and the crouched inhumation burials that contained them. They also classify the finds and determine their typological and chronological place first of all within the Lengyel community. The possible antecedents are also reviewed in the Central and SE European Neolithic and Early Copper Age. Based on H. Schwarzberg’s study of the Anatolian and SE European finds, they suggest the name “Kulttischchen” for the finds of the Lengyel culture as well. According to the anthropological analyses, these objects were placed exclusively beside women at Alsónyék and also in the Mórágy late neolithic cemetery, which indicates the role that women played in the cultic life of the contemporary communities.

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Seed germination response of black nightshade to hormones, osmotic potential, salt stress, pH and burial depth was investigated in laboratory and green house. Adding the concentration of GA3 increased seed germination to 99% at the treatments of 25, 200 and 400 ppm. Seed germination decreased as concentration of cytokinin increased from 0.1–5 mM. Wet and dry prechilling duration increased seed germination of black nightshade. Germination of black nightshade seeds decreased as ethanol concentrations increased from 0.3 to 30%. A significant decline in germination was observed by increasing in NaCl concentration. Germination of black nightshade seed significantly decreased as the osmotic potential declined. Seed germination was observed over a broad range of pH. Seedling emergence was the greatest for seeds scattered on the soil surface and decreased by increasing in planting depth.

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The testament of the Hungarian calligrapher George Bocskay (†1575) has been recently discovered in the Archive of the Benedictine Archabbey of Pannonhalma. Bocskay made his will on the 4th of April 1575, in the house of the Hungarian magnate János Pethő de Gerse (III) in Vienna. The original document published here was written in Latin. The new data provided by the testament are of primary importance regarding the life and social network of George Bocskay. According to the text he left his property to his wife and children as well as his four servants, among others he bequeathed his books and instruments of calligraphy to his son, Stephen. His burial place was unknown yet. However, in his testament Bocskay ordered to be buried in the Himmelpfortkloster in Vienna. It was a significant medieval Premonstratesian cloister, founded for nuns by Constance of Hungary, the daughter of the Hungarian King Béla III, in the 1230s.

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Medieval ceramics of San Potito. After the abandonement of the imperial villa (ca. in the last third of the 3rd century AD), the settlement moved up to the nearby hill. The castle of San Potito was first mentioned in 1074. However, the burial place remained in the valley and a church was also built there. This religious building was deserted long before 1653.On the territory of the former villa 197 pottery sherds could be identified as medieval, dating from the 9th to the 15th centuries AD. They attest to a small population, but also illustrate the quite far reaching trading connections of San Potito, related to the vicinity of the Via Valeria, the main road between Rome and Corfinium.

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L’Oppidum de Bibracte (Mont Beuvray, France) Bilan de 10 Annees de Recherches (1996–2005)

Sous la Direction de Laurent Dhennequin, Jean-Paul Guillaumet, Miklós Szabó

Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Authors: Philippe Barral, Erica Camurri, Beatrice Cauuet, Felix Fleischer, Jörg Frase, Benjamin Girard, Katherine Gruel, Gilles Hamm, Ralph Hoppadietz, Isabelle Jouffroy-Bapicot, Thierry Luginbühl, François Meylan, Fabrice Monna, Fabienne Olmer, Christophe Petit, Herve Richard, Sabine Rieckhoff, Rosa Roncador, Dániel Szabó, Calin Tamas, Lőrinc Timár, Otto-H. Urban, Daniele Vitali and Mattias Wöhrl

This article contains the results of 10 years of research in the Gaulish oppidum of Bibracte between 1996 and 2005. It discusses the thematic developed in Centre archéologique européen of Bibracte in this period. It concerns the natural and human environment, the organisation of the oppidum and the political and economic structures.The palaeoenvironmental analyses have demonstrated the strong impact of human activities, namely of paleometallurgy, on the natural environment. The understanding of the inner organisation of the oppidum has been enriched by the study of the fortifications, the burials, the workshop and residential areas and the public buildings. The greatest result was the uncovering of a basilica complex of a Roman republican style in the centre of the settlement (between 50 and 30 BC). Finally, the study of the finds has contributed to determination of the phases and the chronology of the settlement.*

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Absztrakt:

1990 és 2007 között Semmelweis Ignác nyolcadik tanszékvezetői utódjaként a Baross utcai Női Klinikán döntően a nagy felfedezéshez szükséges feltételek szerencsés összetalálkozása, reménytelen küzdelmei, halálának körülményei, négyszeri kihantolása és ötszöri temetése, névmagyarosítása és a vele kapcsolatos tudatos vagy véletlen tévedések foglalkoztattak. Megemlékezésemben a nagy elődre vonatkozó élményeimet és tapasztalataimat foglalom össze. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(26): 1071–1078.

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