Authors:Fabrizio Bertelloni, Marianne Chemaly, Domenico Cerri, Françoise Le Gall and Valentina Virginia Ebani
determine the prevalence of Salmonella spp. excreted in feces of clinically healthy pet reptiles, (2) to verify the presence of plasmid virulence genes in the isolates, (3) to study genetic profiles of the isolates by PFGE, and (4) to determine the
Authors:Zsuzsanna Kiss, Judit Dobránszki, Ildikó Hudák, Zsuzsanna Birkó, G. Vargha and S. Biró
Bukhalid, R. A., Takeuchi, T., Labeda, D., Loria, R. (2002) Horizontal transfer of the plant virulence gene,
, and flanking sequences among genetically distinct
strains in the diastatochromogenes cluster.
Authors:Maryam Rahimpour Hesari, Ali Salehzadeh and Reza Kazemi Darsanaki
Panton–Valentine leukocidin ( pvl ) [ 4 ]. pvl is one of the important virulence factors in S. aureus and is composed of two protein components S (38 KDa) and F (32 KDa), which are controlled by the Luks/pv and Lukf/pv genes. The product of this
Authors:Aleksandra Trościańczyk, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Sebastian Gnat, Magdalena Wójcik, Sylwia Wdowiak-Wróbel and Michał Kalita
, tet M), chloramphenicol [ cat (pC221), cat (pC194), cat (pC223)], and aminoglycosides [ aac(6′)-Ie-aph(2″)-Ia, aph(3′)-IIIa ] as well as genes encoding virulence factors: enterotoxins ( se A, se B, se C, se D, se E), shock syndrome toxin ( tst
predator–prey system could be present.
Virulence is used to be mentioned in pathogenic bacteria or protozoa. These have virulence factors, which stimulate their infectivity and aggressivity. Tetrahymena itself, in general, is not pathogenic; however