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.D. Sammons , P.C.C. Feng , F. Kohn , K. Kretzmer , A. Mehrsheikh , M. Bleeke , J.L. Honegger , D. Farmer , D. Wright , E.A. Haupfear , in V.K. Nandula (ed.), Glyphosate Resistance in Crops and Weeds: History, Development, and Management , Wiley

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Abstract  

The present review deals with the radiation chemistry of dilute aqueous solutions of organic substances emphasizing the possibility of use of high energy radiation in wastewater treatment. Effects of radiation on biodegradability, toxicity to water organisms and changes in molecules of solutes showing resistance to biochemical degradation and toxicity to water organisms are discussed.

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Composite sorbents based on potassium nickel ferrocyanide embedded in silica gel matrix were prepared and characterised by powdered X-ray diffraction analysis, IR spectra, Mössbauer spectra and electron microscopy. The sorbent exhibits very good efficiency for cesium uptake and radiation resistance. The sorption capacity for cesium ions is comparable with the capacity for the pure ferrocyanides.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Ponomarenko, C. Klason, N. Kazantseva, M. Buzin, M. Alexandre, Ph. Dubois, I. Tchmutin, V. Shevchenko and R. Jérôme

Abstract  

Thermogravimetry was used to investigate the effects of different inorganic functional fillers on the heat resistance of polymer matrices. The kinetic parameters of thermal oxidative degradation were shown to depend on the polymer, the chemical composition of the filler surface, the filler concentration, and the processing method, which determines the distribution of filler particles in the polymer matrix. Magnetic fillers (carbonyl iron, and hexaferrites of different structural types) were shown to be chemically active fillers, increasing the heat resistance of siliconorganic polymers. Their stabilizing effect is due to blocking of the end silanol groups and macroradicals by the surface of the filler and non-chain inhibition of thermal oxidative degradation. In the case of fiber-forming polymers (UHMWPE, PVOH and PAN), most magnetic fillers are chemically inert, but at concentrations of 30–50 vol% they increase the heat resistance of the composite. Addition of carbon black increased the heat resistance of the thermoplastic matrix. The dependence of the thermal degradation onset temperature on the kaolin concentration in the polyolefin matrix exhibited a maximum. Analysis of the experimental results demonstrated the operating temperature ranges for different composites, and their maximum operating temperature.

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. (1995) Wear resistance tests of farm-machines materials. (in Hungarian). Járművek és Mezőgazdasági Gépek . Budapest, 1995/2/64–67. Birkás, M., Dexter, A. R., Kalmár, T. Bottlik, L. (2006) Soil quality — soil

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Abstract  

For the preservation of environment from radioactive contamination, one of the properties necessary for solidified radioactive wastes is resistance to the release of radionuclides due to leaching by ground water after land disposal. In order to seek the optimum solidifying formulation for cement solidified boric acid concentrate from pressurized water reactor, a variety of specimens were prepared, varying the content of neutralizing agents and neutralization methods. For the leaching measurements, the ANS 16.1 Standard Leach Test was carried out for the specimens which had been mixed with small concentration of137Cs to estimate the leachability index. According to our investigation, the optimum contents of neutralizing agents for neutralization of boric acid radioactive waste were determined in view of resistance ability to leaching. Eventually the leachability indices have turned out to be 5.807.91 depending on the formulations.

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Abstract  

Triazines are a class of molecules which have been found in meteorites such as Orgueil meteorite. Despite their poor resistance to UV radiation, these molecules survived millions of years inside a meteorite. The present work is dedicated to the examination of the radiation resistance of the simplest sym-triazine: 1,3,5-triazine. The crystals of this molecule have been irradiated with γ-radiation at 50 and 350 kGy and were studied by electronic absorption spectroscopy, liquid chromatography, FT-IR spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). All the data suggest the relatively low stability of this molecule to high energy radiation. The resulting products from radiolysis are formamidine together with triazine dimers and oligomers. Other radiolysis products are H2, CH4, HCN and other gases.

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The thermal resistances of epoxy resins cured with complexes of boron trifluoride with benzylamine, 2-benzylaminoethanol and 2-anilinoethanol were examined. Thermal analysis data were used to compare the thermal resistances of epoxy compusitions cured with polyamines (aliphatic and aromatic), acid anhydrides and complexes of boron trifluoride with the above amines.

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Abstract  

Well-defined set of sheep PrP polymorphisms at positions 136, 154 and 171 define susceptibility to scrapie, ranging from very high susceptibility observed for V136-R154-Q171 (VRQ) variant to resistance for A136-R154-R171 (ARR).To gain insight into the mechanisms of scrapie susceptibility/resistance, the unfolding pathways of the sheep prion protein variants were analysed by differential scanning calorimetry over a wide range of pH. Thermal unfolding occurs, in the 5.0 to 6.0 pH range, through a reversible one-step process while at pH<4.5 and >6.0 unfolding intermediates are formed, which are stable in the 65–80°C range. The observed differences correlate with ovine susceptibility to scrapie.

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Abstract  

An improved accuracy is researched in flat and silicon based nano-calorimeters related to fluid reaction via drop-to-drop 'reaction' or via a steady state in continuous injection of two reactants inside a working chamber. Two types of the experimental aspects of the sensitivity changes, related to 3-D effects, are described: drop effects and volume rate effects. To increase the accuracy, well-controlled joule measurements are dissipated in the manufacturer resistance and in several resistances in carefully controlled experiments. The shape factor (SF) values reduce the manufacturer's joule sensitivity up to fifty per cent. a working methodology is proposed: the results are compared with the standard TRIS reaction. The results suggest that the systematic error can be reduced to 5%.

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