Authors:I. V. Bylina, S. C. Mojumdar and V. G. Papangelakis
excellent agreement with the literature value of 17.22 kJ mol −1 [ 29 ].
The overall enthalpy change, Δ H exp , was obtained by integration of the DSC curve as a function of time. The measured
In early Buddhist monasteries, the end of the rain retreat is the starting point of the robe season. This season lasts one month. During this month, lay people offer robes and robe material to the Buddhist community. The community can lengthen this period by holding the kathina ceremony. It is the start of the kathina period, during which monks and nuns also enjoy several privileges. In this article, the time schedule of this most important period for the Buddhist community is examined referring to the extant Pali, Sanskrit and Chinese sources. This study provides a new comparative table of the lunar year, and allows us to outline a general time schedule of the kathina period, as well as to point out some remarkable differences.
In this article, “Life time of influence” refers to Robert K. Merton's impact broadly, and emblematically, to his influence upon my work. The article discusses 1) the scope and influence of Merton's ideas about social structure and explanations of social processes; 2) his vast scholarship establishing the study of science as a social institution, with implications for theory and research; and 3) his fostering of the social study of science through immense published work, and through impact upon an inter-generational network of scholars.
Authors:Tímea Kocsis, Ilona Kovács-Székely and Angéla Anda
the period of 1961−2100, but the annual distribution of precipitation is projected to be restructured. However, the hydroclimate of the region is quite variable in space and time ( Kern et al. 2016 ), as the shallow groundwater fluctuations are driven
Authors:L. Demoranville, D. Knies, K. Grabowski and A. Mignerey
The Naval Research Laboratory’s Trace Element AMS system’s use of a Pretzel magnet as a recombinator and mass filter offers
a unique opportunity to study a new type of time-of-flight (TOF) spectrometry. Mass filtering prior to TOF analysis removes
extraneous species, shortening the analysis time for a single beam pulse, thereby improving the duty cycle. Time dilation
results from a longer flight path for a heavier mass in the Pretzel magnet. Computer TOF simulations of these factors and
the resulting impact on mass resolution for high mass atomic and molecular species are discussed. Initial measurements of
carbon and silicon to confirm the validity of the model are presented.
Landscape complexity in the boreal forest is a function of physiographic complexity (spatial processes) and post-fire successional (temporal) processes operating across scales. In this study we examine the role of succession and topographic complexity in determining the landscape complexity of Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba, Canada. Landscape complexity is assessed by using multifractal analysis to quantify landscape patterns from Landsat TM imagery. To determine whether complexity changes with age, . young. sites (post-fire stand ages = 11 and 30 years) were matched with adjacent . old. sites (post-fire stand ages ≯ 95 years). The influence of physiography on landscape complexity is examined by comparing sites having . simple. and . complex. physiographies (as determined by fractal surface analysis). The scaling properties of landscape complexity are determined by calculating the multifractal spectrum (Dq) for each site. Landscape complexity increases during early succession; multifractal profiles of 11 year old sites are lower than those of adjacent older stands. However, the multifractal profiles of 30 year old and adjacent older stands are indistinguishable, suggesting that change in landscape complexity occurs within 30 years following fire. Physiographically . complex. sites have consistently greater landscape complexity than adjacent . simple. sites. We conclude that landscape complexity increases over time as succession proceeds, and in space along a gradient from . simple. to . complex. physiographies. It follows that landscape complexity is lowest in early-successional, physiographically . simple. sites and highest in late-successional, physiographically . complex. sites.
An indexical tense occurring in intensional domains, as in John believed that Mary is pregnant conveys a mismatch between the content reported and the content intuitively attributable to the believer: The actual belief does not seem to involve an indexical reference to the speech time. Current logicosemantic accounts of this mismatch propose a de re interpretation, e.g., there is a state in the real world, of which John believes something. Following Gennari’s (1999a; 2003) account, it is argued that current accounts do not capture multiple instances of belief attributions with indexical tenses and an alternative more flexible account is proposed. Specifically, indexical tenses need not be analyzed de re if the belief reports is considered as an attribution of an implicit belief, rather than an explicit one (Stalnaker 1999). Such attributions are felicitous if there is an inference pragmatically attainable in the common ground that allows the speaker to infer and assert the attributed content. The speaker infers the reported content making extra assumptions normally taken for granted. The account correctly predicts whether a given present or future attitude report is felicitous depending on the availability of the speaker’s inference.