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Recently, super rice has gained much importance due to its high yield potential while exogenous application of plant growth regulators (PGRs) is an important aspect in plant development and defense responses under stress conditions. In this study we conducted two pot experiments. Firstly, four super rice cultivars, viz. Peizataifeng, Huayou 213, Yuxiangyouzhan and Huahang 31 were subjected to a series of five chilling temperatures, i.e. 11 °C, 12 °C, 13 °C, 14 °C and 15 °C (day/night) for about 25–27 days. Secondly, seeds of Peizataifeng (super rice) and Yuejingsimiao 2 (non-super rice) were then treated with different combinations of salicylic acid (SA), brassinolide (BR), calcium chloride (CaCl2) and fulvic acid (FA) and then exposed to chilling stress at 13 °C for four days. Resultantly, Peizataifen (super rice) was found with the lowest seedling survival rate at all chilling temperatures among all four super rice cultivars, however, it was still found more resistant when compared with Yuejingsimiao 2 (non-super rice) in the second experiment. Furthermore synergistic effect of all PGRs alleviated low temperature stress in both rice cultivars by improving seedling survival rates, leaf area, seedling dry weight, seedling height, root morphology and by modulating antioxidant enzymes, improving proline content and lowering lipid peroxidation.

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Morvan-Bertrand, A., Pavis, N., Boucaud, J. and Prud'homme, M-P. 1999. Partitioning of reserve and newly assimilated carbon in the roots and leaf tissues of Lolium perenne during growth after defoliation: assessment by C13 steady-state labelling and

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-derived carbon in soil respiration and microbial biomass determined by C-14 and C-13. Soil Biol. Biochem. 40: 625–637. Kuzyakov Y. Root-derived carbon in soil respiration and microbial

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fraction) was resuspended in the saponin buffer with 1% TritonX-100, heated for 2–3 s at 95 °C, and centrifuged (5 min; 4 °C; 13,000 rpm). The solubilized membrane fraction present in the supernatant was retained, as well as the insoluble proteins in the

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Dorothea Wiemer, Norbert Georg Schwarz, Gerd-Dieter Burchard, Hagen Frickmann, Ulrike Loderstaedt and Ralf-Matthias Hagen

,c 17 (5.7%) 3 (1.7%) 20 3.39 (1.01–11.4) Campylobacter spp. b,c 13 (4.4%) 2 (1.1%) 15 3.89 (0.89–17.05) Yersinia spp. 0 0 0 a One individual was co-infected with Salmonella spp. and Shigella spp./EIEC. b One individual was co-infected with

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The bibliography of foliicolous lichenised fungi is compiled, listing publications of the last 60 years following Santesson’s world monograph on the foliicolous lichens. It consists of 708 scientific papers, journal publications, books, posters, exsiccates, dissertation manuscripts.

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. Agr. Sci. Japan, Ser. C. 13, 33-45. Effect of rotenone on the respiratory enzyme system of insect muscle. Bull. Nat. Inst. Agr. Sci. Japan, Ser. C. 13

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