We introduce a theory of completeness (the π-completeness) for quasi-uniform spaces which extends the theories of bicompleteness
and half-completeness and prove that every quasi-uniform space has a π-completion. This theory is based on a new notion of
a Cauchy pair of nets which makes use of couples of nets. We call them cuts of nets and our inspiration is due to the construction of the τ-cut on a quasi-uniform space (cf. , ). This new version of
completeness coincides with bicompletion, half-completion and D-completion in extended subclasses of the class of quasi-uniform spaces.
V. Gregori and S. Romaguera  obtained an example of a fuzzy metric space (in the sense of A. George and P. Veeramani)
that is not completable, i.e. it is not isometric to a dense subspace of any complete fuzzy metric space; therefore, and contrary
to the classical case, there exist quiet fuzzy quasi-metric spaces that are not bicompletable neither D-completable, via (quasi-)isometries. In this paper we show that, nevertheless, it is possible to obtain solutions to the
problem of completion of fuzzy quasi-metric spaces by using quasi-uniform isomorphisms instead of (quasi-)isometries. Such
solutions are deduced from a general method, given here, to obtain extension properties of fuzzy quasi-metric spaces from
the corresponding ones of the classical theory of quasi-uniform and quasi-metric spaces.
This paper analyses the scientific output and impact of 731 Ph.D. holders who were awarded their doctorate at Spanish universities
between 1990 and 2002. The aim was to identify any differences in the amount of scientific output and the impact of publications,
in terms of citations, according to gender. The analysis revealed no significant differences in the amount of scientific output
between males and females. However, the proportion of female Ph.D. holders with no postdoctoral output was significantly higher
than that of their male counterparts, and the median number of papers published after Ph.D. completion was also lower among
women. As regards pre- and postdoctoral research, the data showed that early scientific output may be a good predictor of
subsequent productivity in both gender groups. The results also indicated that articles by female Ph.D. holders were cited
significantly more often, even when self-citations were excluded.