Authors:Andreas Sandgren, V. Hollo, E. Huitric, and C. Ködmön
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) . Framework action plan to fight tuberculosis in the European Union . Stockholm: ECDC; Feb 2008. Available from: http://www.ecdc.europa.eu
Authors:Konstantin Tanida, Andreas Hahn, and Hagen Frickmann
Background With impeding enactment of Regulation (EU) 2017/746 on in vitro diagnostic medical devices, in-house diagnostic assays will have to be replaced by commercially available assays unless an appropriate performance level cannot be met by
Authors:K. Török, K. Szilágyi, K. Halász, V. Zsigmond, G. Kósa, T. Rédei, E. Peti, J. Schellenberger, Z. Tóth, and K. Szitár
Seed bank collections have multiple benefits: store genetic material for conservation and research, and their data can also provide valuable scientific information. The Pannon Seed Bank was established during an EU LIFE+ project between 2010 and 2014 with the target to collect and store seeds of approx. 50% of the wild native vascular flora of the Pannonian Biogeographic Region, seed accessions of at least 800 storable species. This task was fully achieved by the end of the project, as altogether 1,853 seed accessions of 910 species are stored. The aim of the present paper is to provide access to the collection data and metadata of the Pannon Seed Bank as it was completed by the end of the project. The collection campaign involved about 40 experts and covered the whole country. Collection and storing applied standard methodology, based on the ENSCONET project. The collection data published in this paper can be used manifold. Geographical data on species occurrences are major input for nature conservation and research. Seed collection date is valuable for ecological studies of phytophagous insects, frugivorous birds and mammals, etc. The database can be partner to international databases (like GBIF) or research infrastructures (e.g. LifeWatch). Hopefully, this data paper will contribute to further motivate the development of native seed collections and their use for conservation and research in Hungary.
Authors:I. Geedicke, M. Schultz, B. Rudolph, and J. Oldeland
Species richness is a widespread measure to evaluate the effect of different management histories on plant communities and their biodiversity. However, analysing the phylogenetic structure of plant communities could provide new insights into the effects of different management methods on community assemblages and provide further guidance for conservation decisions. Heathlands require permanent management to ensure the existence of such a cultural landscape. While traditional management with grazing is time consuming, mechanical methods are often applied but their consequences on the phylogenetic community assemblages are still unclear. We sampled 60 vegetation plots in dry sandy heathlands (EU habitat type 2310) in northern Germany stratified by five different heathland management histories: fire, plaggen (turf cutting), mowing, deforestation and intensive grazing. Due to the distant relationship of vascular plants and lichens, we assembled two phylogenetic trees, one for vascular plants and one for lichens. We then calculated phylogenetic diversity (PD) and measures of phylogenetic community structure for vascular plant and lichen communities. Deforested areas supported significantly higher PD values for vascular plant communities. We found that PD was strongly correlated with species richness (SR) but the calculation of rarefied PD was uncorrelated to SR leading to a different ranking of management histories. We observed phylogenetic clustering in the lichen communities but not for vascular plants. Thus, management by mowing and intensive grazing promotes habitat filtering of lichens, while management histories that cause greater disturbance such as fire and plaggen do not seem to affect phylogenetic community structure. The set of management strategies fulfilled the goals of the managers in maintaining a healthy heathland community structure. However, management strategies that cause less disturbance can offer an additional range of habitat for other taxonomic groups such as lichen communities.
endotoxin units (EU) per kg body mass. This specification leads to a maximum tolerable endotoxin amount of 350 EU per individual (based on a body mass of 70 kg), or a tolerance of 350 EU/mL for a parenteral product where a single dose would comprise 1 mL