PROF. FERENC PAULIK Ph.D.; D.Sc.
It is our sad and hard duty to let you all know that
our beloved teacher and colleague, a world acknowledged scientist, the inventor
of the simultaneous thermal analytical methods, Prof. Paulik passed away on
12th October 2005, at the age of 84.
When we are thinking of him tremendeous recollections
came into our mind. He was a cheerful, humorous, energetic and positive person,
enjoying social activities and life itself, a real charmeur. Prof. Paulik
was a highly educated person, he was very fond of music and fine arts. His
laboratory was a centre of the bustling international scientific life of thermal
analysis, an island behind the iron curtain in the '60s.
After finishing his studies at the Franciscan high
school, in Esztergom he entered the chemical engineer faculty at the Jzsef
Ndor Technical University, Budapest and graduated in 1944. Shortly
after, he became assistant researcher at the Institute of General and Analytical
Chemistry of the same university headed by Prof. L. Erdey. His first research
field was the study of analytical precipitations. He would have needed a Chevenard-type
thermobalance, but since there was no finances available at that time, he
started to build a machine himself. This apparent need motivated him to think
in alternative solutions, and marked a starting point of a great successful
career not only as a scientist but a productive inventor as well. His thermobalance
enabled him to measure small changes in mass. Together with his brother, Jenő,
they increased the accuracy of the measurement by devising the DTG technique
(derivative thermogravimetry). Their ingenuity was in combining TG, DTG and
DTA methods in one instrument, named Derivatograph, that later conquerred
the whole world. With this invention, Hungary had shortly gained monopolistic
position in the thermal world of the '50s.
The instrument was manufactured by the Hungarian
Optical Works (MOM) distributing more than 4000 instruments that makes more
than half of the simultaneous instruments sold all over the world.
This original method
was further developed to TG-DTG-DTA-EGA (1955); derivative thermodilatometry
(DTD 1961); thermo-gas titrimetry (TGT-EGA 1971); quasi-isothermal quasi-isobaric
TG (Q-TG 1971) and DTA (Q-DTA 1985, 1995). He held 27 patents registered in
scientific career was matching his inventor career, as he published
218 papers in international journals. His citation index is more than 2400.
He was the author of 4 scientific books and contributed to another three.
He was the Regional
Editor for Central-Eastern European countries at the Journal of Thermal Analysis
for a long time and he was a member of the Editorial Board of Thermochimica
Acta for many years. He was closely involved in the work of ICTAC straight
from the beginning and, to acknowledge his activity, he was awarded an Honorary
lifetime-membership of the organisation in 1966.
Between 1967-1992 he was the President of the
Thermoanalytical Group of the Hungarian Chemical Society.
He was acknowledged by several awards: Mettler Award
(1972); Kurnakov Medal (1985); Świętosławski Medal (1997); Nray-Szab
Medal (1998); Laureatus Academiae (1999).
He remained active in science till the last moment
of his life.
wife, Elisabeth, was his main support, without whom he would not have been
able to achieve such a remarkable career. Life was kind to him, to grant his
final wish to die with her holding his hand.
Requiescat in pace.