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hasta hace poco tiempo. Recientemente han aparecido varios estudios que analizan el DD en el latín tardío y su introducción (p. ej. Gayno, 2 Sznajder, 3 Mikulová 2015, 4 2017 5 ). El presente artículo continúa esta línea de investigación y, añadiendo

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1 THE SARDINIAN VOWEL SYSTEM As is well known, the most remarkable property of the vowel systems of the Romance languages is that none of them preserves Latin distinctive vowel quantity. 1 In particular, as far as stressed vowels are concerned

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In this paper we look at the demise of perfective reduplication in Latin and seek to answer the question why this process of erosion followed a phonologically rather strictly defined path. The small set of remaining reduplicated perfects is not a random collection of leftovers from the ruins of earlier morphology (as it is e.g. in Gothic) but displays remarkable phonological coherence in the documented period of the language. To understand why this should be so we look at the relevant phonotactic properties of simplex forms. It appears quite clearly that, for a variety of reasons, the number of stems beginning with p V p , t V t , k V k , b V b and s V s increased in the prehistory of Latin. The fact that this occurred and that voiceless stops figure more prominently in this configuration than other types of consonants may well have given rise to a new phonotactic pattern in which such stem-initial sequences were now legitimate (as opposed to Proto-Indo-European). It seems to be a plausible explanation that perfective verb forms remained reduplicated only if they conformed to this new phonotactic pattern.

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The aim of the project entitled “Computerized Historical Linguistic Database of Latin Inscriptions of the Imperial Age” ( http://lldb.elte.hu/ ) is to develop and digitally publish a fundamental computerized historical linguistic database that incorporates and treats the Vulgar Latin material of the Latin inscriptions from a specific group of the European provinces of the Roman Empire in the first phase. This will, on the one hand, allow for a more thorough study of the regional changes and the diversity of the Latin language of the Imperial Age. On the other hand, it could also serve as a basis for subsequent international co-operation, in the course of which further work on the computerized historical linguistic database may be executed. This paper intends to present the past and the present, as well as the future possibilities of this Database.

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The history of Malta is a sequence of experiences which exposed the country to various cultures and consequently contributed towards its growth into a nation not only claiming to be distinct, but also having full awareness of its own identity. The Semitic character of its language and the Latinity of its culture have both contributed towards the complex formation of a unique country. This paper seeks to outline the development of the Maltese language as a medium through which Malta could best express itself and construct its own literature. Located midway between two continents, Malta’s geographical position is thus coherently reflected in this duality.

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There are altogether about six hundred Latin curse texts, most of which are inscribed on lead tablets. The extant Latin defixiones are attested from the 2nd cent. BCE to the end of the 4th and beginning of the 5th century. However, the number of extant tablets is certainly not final, which is clear from the new findings in Mainz recently published by Blänsdorf (2012, 34 tablets),1 the evidence found in the fountain dedicated to Anna Perenna in Rome 2012, (26 tablets and other inscribed magical items),2 or the new findings in Pannonia (Barta 2009).3 The curse tablets were addressed exclusively to the supernatural powers, so their authors usually hid them very well to be banished from the eyes of mortals; not to speak of the randomness of the archaeological findings. Thus, it can be assumed that the preserved defixiones are only a fragment of the overall ancient production. Remarkable diversities in cursing practice can be found when comparing the preserved defixiones from particular provinces of the Roman Empire and their specific features, as this contribution wants to show.

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* Jelen tanulmány az NKFIH (OTKA) K 108399 és 124170 ny. sz. „Császárkori latin feliratok számítógépes nyelvtörténeti adatbázisa” (3. és 4. szakasz) című projektje keretében az MTA ‘Lendület

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1 INTRODUCTION In Latin, as in other languages, the notion of appositive phrase refers to a wide range of constructions. Two (or more) constituents form a nominal apposition if they (a) fulfill the same syntactic function; (b) are coreferential; (c

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INTRODUCTION. PRÉMISSES THÉORIQUES AU SUJET DES CONSONNES ASPIRÉES Le latin classique a entrepris la réduction des consonnes aspirées du grec à des consonnes simples dans beaucoup de mots quotidiens : purpura, calx, ampulla , phénomène qui n

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1 INTRODUCTION For more than one hundred years, curse tablets have been representing one of the main direct sources of Vulgar Latin. Besides being essential for scholars in field of ancient magic and religion, these small sheets of metal usually

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