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Abstract

The terminology of trends in modernism has become irrelevant in the contemporary world, either totally or in part. They are frequently used in tribute to tradition (viz. cubic futurism). In Lithuania, the situation is different. The notion of expressionistic painting is all-encompassing. It enjoys primacy, respect, and attention stemming from national twentieth century modernist painting. Expressionism could also be, for instance, labeled fauvism [see illustration]. In painting, as well as other arts, more rational and intellectual trends have frequently come to be designated “alien” or “of little artistic merit”. One of the methods of countering stereotypes would consist of redefinition, an expansion of precision in old concepts and introduction of new ones.

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This paper aims to examine gender differences in hedging in Chinese–English conference interpreting based on a transcribed parallel corpus. The point of departure was to test Holmes’s (1986, 1988a) claims that women do not necessarily employ more hedges than men but that women’s use of hedges tends to focus more on interpersonal relationships while men’s is more on propositional precision. Hyland’s (1996a, 1996b) model in which hedges were categorized into accuracy-oriented, speaker-oriented and audience-oriented, has been adapted for this end. Our finding shows that male interpreters actually employ more hedges than their female counterparts on the whole. In particular, their accuracy-oriented and speaker-oriented hedges exceed those of female interpreters, but not for audience-oriented ones. To find out whether these differences were caused by the source texts per se or by interpreters’ manipulation, we named four types of interpreting approach towards hedge items: direct transfer, indirect transfer, shift and addition. The former two types were identified as source text interference while the latter two as interpreters’ manipulation. The results indicate that male interpreters exceed female interpreters in terms of shift and addition cases in all three types of hedges. The findings of the present study contribute to a more profound understanding of gender difference in language mediation and also have implications for future interpreter training.

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A klasszikus kori irodalmi latin nyelv és a római jogtudósok által kidolgozott jogi latin nyelv közti kölcsönhatás az irodalom és római jog határán elhelyezkedő, kevéssé kutatott terület, amely számos megválaszolatlan kérdést rejt magában. A jogi szakkifejezések felbukkanása a klasszikus kori irodalmi nyelvben a joghoz nem értők számára különös jelenségnek számított, amely a szélesebb olvasóközönség érdeklődését éppen homályossága és gyakori kétes értelmezhetősége révén keltette fel. Tanulmányomban a Petronius Satyriconjának XII–XV. caputjában szereplő jogi szakkifejezéseket vizsgálom a jogi tényállás tisztázásán keresztül, választ keresve azok tényleges funkciójára. A forumon játszódó jelenet elemzése során a római jog precizitása és a petroniusi humor közti ellentét feloldásának kulcsát az írói szándék feltárása jelenti, amely a jogi latin nyelvet sajátos módon illeszti művébe.

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), the interpreter abides by different norms from other environments. 3.2 Quasi-specificity of DI: Expectations (Role, Ethics and Invisibility) Setton and Dawrant consider role to be essential, implying precision and personal warmth and most importantly

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syntagme ipsam aquam se comprend si l'on se réfère â la comparaison riche en précisions opérée par l'évêque : quand on maintient des animaux devant un point d'eau en leur interdisant l'accès â toute autre sorte de nourriture, ils n'en boiront pas pour

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in the invectives on Caesar, as well. And it is not accidental but intended, because Caesar’s ideal of style was clarity and precision (cf. Cicero: Brutus 262), and he was severe literary critic. 45 In 54 BC, Caesar had written two volumesentitled

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folklorique une étude de son traitement : transformation d’un conte populaire en conte philosophique, d’inspiration platonicienne, intimement lié, dans les Métamorphoses, à l’initiation isiaque. S’agissant du style d’Apulée, une première précision est à

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Latinae Antiquiores [ChLA]. Olten 1954–. 2 Les termes de datif et de génitif font dans cet article référence à la fonction syntaxique et non à la forme morphologique sauf précision. 3 A l’image du verbe afficio < adficio . 4 cf. ChLA 46.10, 47.7, 48

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’aspect linguistique, négligeant ainsi l’auteur et la valeur littéraire de son style. Spitzer a vu dans le style trop vite traité de simple d’Égérie une attitude de surprise et de précision 8 . Tout d’abord, une remarque fondamentale est nécessaire : l’Itinéraire d

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