A bizalom nem pusztán általános szervezeti-közösségi szempontból érinti a
felsőoktatást. A hallgatók továbbtanulási motivációiban, a fenntartók és az
állami irányítás szervezeti megoldásaiban és az egyéni, illetve finanszírozási
döntésekben jelentős szerepe van a bizalomnak, így azok konkrétan befolyásolják
az egyetemi működést, irányítási és pénzügyi szempontból egyaránt. A tanulmány
empirikus kutatások alapján elemzi, hogy a magyar felsőoktatást jelentős
közbizalom övezi, a nemzetközi kitekintés pedig jelzi, hogy a társadalom
politikai polarizációja kihathat az egyetemek megítélésére is, amint ez az
USA-ban történt. A továbbtanulási adatok elemzése a hallgatói bizalom
stabilitását bizonyítja, miközben a felsőoktatás-politika orientáló
prioritásainak elfogadása csak részben jellemző a jelentkezőkre. A bizalom
elvének érvényesülése a felsőoktatási irányításban hatékonyabb megoldásokhoz
vezet, mint a bürokratikus és a bizalmatlanságon alapuló túlszabályozás, amit
egy alternatív modell bemutatásával is szemléletet a tanulmány.
Authors:Togtokhmaa Zagir and Kinga Magdolna Mandel
stability. While, professional competence indicates self-reflection on personal and professional development, identifying the needs for further professional development and being lifelong learners. The next group of competences identified by three research
stability and quality online platforms could better survive the health and economic crises. Discussion and conclusion This paper has provided an overview of the forms and trends of shadow education in China. It has demonstrated how the industry evolved from
Authors:Antoci Diana, Mislitchi Valentina, and Diacon Maria
.01) and irritability ( r = −0.423, P ≤ 0.01), which is interpreted by reaching the state of tranquillity and stability with the help of manifestations of ignorance, non-objective evaluation of situations, brutality, and use of inappropriate words
The essay surveys Hungarian higher educational reform in a historical perspective Higher education is a special branch of public administration, where investment to human capital is of corollary importance even if the educational, research and fiscal autonomy of the given institutions is fully respected. The author investigates the legal aspects of how government oversight and supervision (as envisaged in the communist model) has been dismantled over the past 25 years in Hungary. There is no doubt: with the development of institutional autonomy, state subsidies decline and higher educational institutions need to make an increasing effort to simultaneously maintain financial stability, meet market demands and reverse the current trend of deterioration regarding the quality of education. It is for this reason that the negotiations between higher educational institutions and the state must remain within the legal frameworks so that government supervision will not transform into total neglection.
During the past few decades, foreign investment has rapidly increased worldwide and has enhanced economic growth in developing countries. Although foreign investment brings huge economic benefits, many developing countries fear that by opening up markets to competition and foreign investment without restriction, they will lose control of their strategic industries. Among those industries, telecommunications is a sector with substantial impact and influence on national security, social stability and economic development. Therefore, the balance between economic gains from foreign investment and national telecommunications sovereignty presents a challenging task. A proposed international investment agreement has been negotiated in international community to possibly solve many of the disputes between foreign investment and national sovereignty. However, is foreign investment a necessary mechanism for developing countries to promote their economic growth? With different developmental models and a myriad of different economic difficulties, is a uniform global investment instrument suitable to meet the different demands for developing countries? This article will examine current international investment regime and their relation with telecommunications as an influence in developing countires. Assessing these crtitical issues, this article hopes to find a new poisition for telecommunications in a formingly integrated global market.
Legal historians have observed that many legal norms have remained in force for a long time, yet the great degree of social change would prima facie also entail legal innovations. But there have been fewer than expected Can one construct a general theoretical framework for assessing explanations concerning legal change and legal stability? Further, can such a framework be constructed from the perspective of comparative law? It may perhaps be argued that comparative law is not sufficient for constructing such a theory, a general analysis of society is also needed. But even if concrete conditions, and cause and effect relations cannot be entirely explained by an abstract scheme, it is at least reasonable to hope that such a scheme may clarify some of the basic concepts at work and enhance insights into the nature and progress of law. The first part of this paper considers the nature and scope of comparative law and identifies different approaches to the subject adopted by contemporary comparatists. In the second part, the problem of legal change is discussed from the standpoint of a particular theoretical perspective represented by Professor Alan Watson, one of the most productive post-War comparatists and legal historians.
This study aims to firstly develop a brief review of the creation and functioning of the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC), highlighting the role of the EGTC in respect of its contribution to the harmonious development of the whole European Union through the strengthening of economic, social and territorial cohesion. The article highlights recent changes in EU legislation governing the EGTC and analyses the infl uence that there is in choosing the State where a Gro uping will be located, and the applicable law. Subsequently, the article outlines the contribution of those EGTCs — constituted by municipalities in Romania and Hungary — to regional sustainable development. Utilising a cross-border EGTC is a way of promoting of better neighbourliness, and stimulating balanced economic development and social stability by harnessing local resources and regional joint projects. At the end of the article I stress the need for cross-border cooperation between Romania and Hungary in developing services of general economic interest, as well as transport infrastructure and tourism.