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, Japan, China, Taiwan, and Singapore) are well known examples of countries applying knowledge-based innovation strategies (Shin and Harman 2009 ). Recently, Gulf countries including Saudi Arabia, on the other side of Asia, have begun to aggressively

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belong to the Hon Hai or Foxconn Group) has become the primary knowledge source as well as the primary knowledge recipient for the optoelectronics sector in Hsinchu innovation region. 7 These findings explain a series of aggressive activities by Hon Hai

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significantly lower compared to Toshiba, Japan in 1990. The emerging trend of Korean technology in semiconductors device manufacturing was quite visible, aggressively catching-up with the number of patents awarded to Japan (see Table 4

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-profit organization has much less litigated patents due to its conservative characteristic, the patent filings of private non-profit organization are not aggressively planned for making profit. Hospital has about equal percentage of patents in both litigated patents

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. – Citation and impact factor, novelty killers? Many scientists react aggressively to possible counter-productive effects of citation-based evaluation. There is a wide choice of such reactions, some found in JKV's bibliography, and debates have been largely

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Scientometrics
Authors: Aashish Mehta, Patrick Herron, Yasuyuki Motoyama, Richard Appelbaum and Timothy Lenoir

growth based on aggressive public investment in science and engineering education, infrastructure for support of applied research and development. Several key policies designed to grow China's talent pool of scientists and engineers were implemented in

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market since, Korean firms emerged to challenge aggressively in the mid-1990s. Taiwanese firms, as the late entrants to catch up with global competitors, dexterously sought to overcome technology gaps to attain footholds in the FPD industry. Via rounds of

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Abstract  

Two separate studies were undertaken of the personality characteristics associated with research creativity and teaching effectiveness in university psychology professors. In the first study, 52 professors at The University of Western Ontario were evaluated on 29 trait dimensions using four assessment techniques: faculty peer ratings, student ratings, self ratings, and objective questionnaires. A composite criterion of research creativity was generated from publication and citation counts. A composite for teaching effectiveness was created from 5 years of archival data based on formal student evaluations. The personality measures demonstrated considerable convergence across modes of assessment for many traits. In turn, several traits differentiated between most and least creative researchers and most and least effective teachers. A second study, using a self report survey sent to 400 professors in graduate psychology departments at 9 Canadian universities, revealed substantial replications of the findings of Study 1. Limiting ourselves to those personality traits that reliably loaded on Research and Teaching factors in both studies, we may describe the creative researcher as ambitious, enduring, seeking definiteness, dominant, showing leadership, aggressive, independent, non-meek, and non-supportive. The effective teacher is best described as liberal, sociable, showing leadership, extraverted, nonanxious, objective, supporting, non-authoritarian, non-defensive, intelligent, and aesthetically sensitive.

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