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ayabuasca and the illicit use of cannabis in a Brazilian Amazonian religion . International Journal of Drug Policy , 9 , 325 – 338 . 10.1016/S0955-3959(98)00045-0 Meulenbeld , G . ( 1989 ). The search for clues to the chronology of Sanskrit medical

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-shaped motifs, as well as ceramic and gold poporo gourds. A total of 46 artifacts were selected to be analyzed and categorized taking into account the nature of their material (raw origin matter), morphology, dimensions, provenance, and relative chronology

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Andes must include discussion of chronology and geographical distribution. The highest concentration occurs in Colombia, where they are found in the Calima and Tolima areas, in the Middle Cauca Valley, in the Chocó, and most frequently in the Sinú

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of Plaincourault. Painted 50 ft above the floor on a long-vaulted ceiling, which runs the length of the nave, is an elaborate series of 61 colorful frescoes that tell the story of the Old Testament. This biblical chronology begins in Scene 1 with

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Journal of Psychedelic Studies
Authors: Robert Beckstead, Bryce Blankenagel, Cody Noconi and Michael Winkelman

Historical documents relating to early Mormonism suggest that Joseph Smith (1805–1844) employed entheogen-infused sacraments to fulfill his promise that every Mormon convert would experience visions of God and spiritual ecstasies. Early Mormon scriptures and Smith’s teachings contain descriptions consistent with using entheogenic material. Compiled descriptions of Joseph Smith’s earliest visions and early Mormon convert visions reveal the internal symptomology and outward bodily manifestations consistent with using an anticholinergic entheogen. Due to embarrassing symptomology associated with these manifestations, Smith sought for psychoactives with fewer associated outward manifestations. The visionary period of early Mormonism fueled by entheogens played a significant role in the spectacular rise of this American-born religion. The death of Joseph Smith marked the end of visionary Mormonism and the failure or refusal of his successor to utilize entheogens as a part of religious worship. The implications of an entheogenic origin of Mormonism may contribute to the broader discussion of the major world religions with evidence of entheogen use at their foundation and illustrate the value of entheogens in religious experience.

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honey diluted in water ( Juan-Stresserras & Matamala, 2005 ). The analysis of a clay pot belonging to the necropolis of Valle de las Higueras, in the same Toledo region and with a chronology close to the previous one, also suggests the identification of

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the onset of his problematic sexual behavior). Given the chronology, it is likely that Adam’s addiction to sex was an expression (i.e., rather than the cause) of an underlying mood disorder. Adam was assessed using DSM-5 criteria that confirmed the

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