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Abstract  

The constant-volume combustion energies of the lead salts of 2-hydroxy-3,5-dinitropyridine (2HDNPPb) and 4-hydroxy-3,5-dinitropyridine (4HDNPPb), ΔU c (2HDNPPb(s) and 4HDNPP(s)), were determined as –4441.922.43 and –4515.741.92 kJ mol–1 , respectively, at 298.15 K. Their standard enthalpies of combustion, Δc m H θ(2HDNPPb(s) and 4HDNPPb(s), 298.15 K), and standard enthalpies of formation, Δr m H θ(2HDNPPb(s) and 4HDNPPb(s), 298.15 K) were as –4425.812.43, –4499.631.92 kJ mol–1 and –870.432.76, –796.652.32 kJ mol–1 , respectively. As two combustion catalysts, 2HDNPPb and 4HDNPPb can enhance the burning rate and reduce the pressure exponent of RDX–CMDB propellant.

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Abstract  

The copper(II) complex of 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP) has been prepared with dihydrated cupric chloride and 6-benzylaminopurine. Infrared spectrum and thermal stabilities of the solid complex have been discussed. The constant-volume combustion energy, Δc U, has been determined as −12566.92±6.44 kJ mol−1 by a precise rotating-bomb calorimeter at 298.15 K. From the results and other auxiliary quantities, the standard molar enthalpy of combustion, Δc H m θ, and the standard molar of formation of the complex, Δf H m θ, were calculated as −12558.24±6.44 and −842.50±6.47 kJ mol−1, respectively.

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Abstract  

The combustion energy of thioproline was determined by the precision rotating-bomb calorimeter at 298.15 K to be Δc U= –2469.301.44 kJ mol–1. From the results and other auxiliary quantities, the standard molar enthalpy of combustion and the standard molar enthalpy of formation of thioproline were calculated to be Δc H m θC4H7NO2S, (s), 298.15 K= –2469.921.44 kJ mol–1 and Δf H m θC4H7NO2S, (s), 298.15K= –401.331.54 kJ mol–1.

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Abstract  

Solid complexes of M(His)2Cl2 nH2O (M=Mn, Co, Ni, Cu) of MnCl26H2O, CoCl26H2O, NiCl26H2O, CuCl22H2O and L-α-histidine (His) have been prepared in 95% ethanol solution and characterized by elemental analyses, chemical analyses, IR and TG-DTG. The constant-volume combustion energies of the complexes have been determined by a rotating-bomb calorimeter. And the standard enthalpies of formation of the complexes have been calculated as well.

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Abstract  

A micro-combustion calorimeter was developed. The small energy equivalent (ca. 68 JK–1) of this calorimeter makes it possible to measure combustion energies of very small samples. The energy equivalent was determined by burning 2 mg of benzoic acid. The standard deviation of the mean energy equivalent was reduced to 0.014% in 5 experiments. The standard massic energy of combustion of salicylic acid and the standard deviation of the mean were determined to be –21871±5 J g–1, which agrees well with the literature values. The standard molar enthalpy of formation of salicylic acid was derived as –591.2±1.7 kJ mol–1.

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Summary A ternary solid complex Gd(Et2dtc)3(phen) has been obtained from reactions of sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (NaEt2dtc), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and hydrated gadolinium chloride in absolute ethanol. The title complex was described by chemical and elemental analyses, TG-DTG and IR spectrum. The enthalpy change of liquid-phase reaction of formation of the complex, Δr H Θ m(l), was determined as (-11.628±0.0204) kJ mol-1 at 298.15 K by a RD-496 III heat conduction microcalorimeter. The enthalpy change of the solid-phase reaction of formation of the complex, Δr H Θ m(s), was calculated as (145.306±0.519) kJ mol-1 on the basis of a designed thermochemical cycle. The thermodynamics of reaction of formation of the complex was investigated by changing the temperature of liquid-phase reaction. Fundamental parameters, the apparent reaction rate constant (k), the apparent activation energy (E), the pre-exponential constant (A), the reaction order (n), the activation enthalpy (Δr H Θ ), the activation entropy (Δr S Θ ), the activation free energy (Δr G Θ ) and the enthalpy (Δr H Θ ), were obtained by combination of the thermodynamic and kinetic equations for the reaction with the data of thermokinetic experiments. The constant-volume combustion energy of the complex, Δc U, was determined as (-18673.71±8.15) kJ mol-1 by a RBC-II rotating-bomb calorimeter at 298.15 K. Its standard enthalpy of combustion, Δc H Θ m, and standard enthalpy of formation, Δf H Θ m, were calculated to be (-18692.92±8.15) kJ mol-1 and (-51.28±9.17) kJ mol-1, respectively.

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Abstract  

A novel solid complex, formulated as Ho(PDC)3 (o-phen), has been obtained from the reaction of hydrate holmium chloride, ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC) and 1,10-phenanthroline (o-phenH2O) in absolute ethanol, which was characterized by elemental analysis, TG-DTG and IR spectrum. The enthalpy change of the reaction of complex formation from a solution of the reagents, Δr H m θ (sol), and the molar heat capacity of the complex, c m, were determined as being –19.1610.051 kJ mol–1 and 79.2641.218 J mol–1 K–1 at 298.15 K by using an RD-496 III heat conduction microcalorimeter. The enthalpy change of complex formation from the reaction of the reagents in the solid phase, Δr H m θ(s), was calculated as being (23.9810.339) kJ mol–1 on the basis of an appropriate thermochemical cycle and other auxiliary thermodynamic data. The thermodynamics of reaction of formation of the complex was investigated by the reaction in solution at the temperature range of 292.15–301.15 K. The constant-volume combustion energy of the complex, Δc U, was determined as being –16788.467.74 kJ mol–1 by an RBC-II type rotating-bomb calorimeter at 298.15 K. Its standard enthalpy of combustion, Δc H m θ, and standard enthalpy of formation, Δf H m θ, were calculated to be –16803.957.74 and –1115.428.94 kJ mol–1, respectively.

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Abstract  

Molar heat capacities (Cp,m) of aspirin were precisely measured with a small sample precision automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 383 K. No phase transition was observed in this temperature region. The polynomial function of Cp,mvs. T was established in the light of the low-temperature heat capacity measurements and least square fitting method. The corresponding function is as follows: for 78 K≤T≤383 K, Cp,m/J mol-1 K-1=19.086X4+15.951X3-5.2548X2+90.192X+176.65, [X=(T-230.50/152.5)]. The thermodynamic functions on the base of the reference temperature of 298.15 K, {ΔHTH298.15} and {ST-S298.15}, were derived. Combustion energy of aspirin (ΔcUm) was determined by static bomb combustion calorimeter. Enthalpy of combustion (ΔcHom) and enthalpy of formation (ΔfHom) were derived through ΔcUm as - (3945.262.63) kJ mol-1 and - (736.411.30) kJ mol-1, respectively.

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Abstract  

A solid complex Eu(C5H8NS2)3(C12H8N2) has been obtained from reaction of hydrous europium chloride with ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC) and 1,10-phenanthroline (o-phen⋅H2O) in absolute ethanol. IR spectrum of the complex indicated that Eu3+ in the complex coordinated with sulfur atoms from the APDC and nitrogen atoms from the o-phen. TG-DTG investigation provided the evidence that the title complex was decomposed into EuS. The enthalpy change of the reaction of formation of the complex in ethanol, Δr H m θ(l), as –22.2140.081 kJ mol–1, and the molar heat capacity of the complex, c m, as 61.6760.651 J mol–1 K–1, at 298.15 K were determined by an RD-496 III type microcalorimeter. The enthalpy change of the reaction of formation of the complex in solid, Δr H m θ(s), was calculated as 54.5270.314 kJ mol–1 through a thermochemistry cycle. Based on the thermodynamics and kinetics on the reaction of formation of the complex in ethanol at different temperatures, fundamental parameters, including the activation enthalpy (ΔH θ), the activation entropy (ΔS θ), the activation free energy (ΔG θ), the apparent reaction rate constant (k), the apparent activation energy (E), the pre-exponential constant (A) and the reaction order (n), were obtained. The constant-volume combustion energy of the complex, Δc U, was determined as –16937.889.79 kJ mol–1 by an RBC-II type rotating-bomb calorimeter at 298.15 K. Its standard enthalpy of combustion, Δc H m θ, and standard enthalpy of formation, Δf H m θ, were calculated to be –16953.379.79 and –1708.2310.69 kJ mol–1, respectively.

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The constant-volume combustion energy of the compound was determined by an RBC-type II type precise rotating-bomb combustion calorimeter. The main experimental procedures were described previously [ 16 , 17 ]. The correct value of the heat exchange

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