This study aims at revealing the power of architectural representation through drawing on community engagement and development during the design process. Considering the drawings as a medium for obtaining knowledge and using them as a means of communication, for the generation and development of designs together with the community, the idea behind was to understand if the representation and communication approach can trigger the community participation, engagement and education on understanding and creating their future city.
For the accomplishment of this research the mixed methodology was used, quantitative methods with tools such as questionnaires and mental maps, whilst qualitative method employed interviews, empirical studies and observation on the ground.
The use of a certain architectural representation as a communication means, that could be attractive and well understood by the community, can encourage public engagement, discussion and generation of ideas, by this ensuring their collaboration during the planning and design process, as active participants and well-informed citizens.
Dietary fiber content of bulgurs prepared from different wheat varieties was investigated. Grains of 29 Turkish wheat cultivars and advanced breeding lines (23 of durum and 6 of common wheat) were used in this study. The average values for ADF and NDF (+amylase) contents of investigated durum wheats were 3.4% and 9.9%, respectively and the corresponding values of common wheats were 3.4% and 11.5%. In this study, the average values for ADF and NDF (+amylase) contents of bulgurs made of durum wheats were found to be 5.4% and 10.3%, respectively and the corresponding values of bulgurs made of common wheats were 5.8% and 11.7%. The minimum and maximum values for ADF and NDF (+amylase) contents of bulgurs made of durum wheats were found to be 4.1%-6.8% and 7.9%-11.8%, respectively and the corresponding values of bulgurs made of common wheats were 5.1%-6.4 and 10.6%-12.4%. The processing of wheat into bulgur generally increased the levels of ADF and NDF(+amylase) contents. It can be concluded that bulgur is at least as good as a raw wheat in terms of dietary fibre content. Although there is no essential change in the total protein content, ash and ß-carotene contents of the bulgurs were lower than the ones in the original wheats as a result of debranning.
Authors:Izz K. Abboud, Laith A. Kunbar and Abbas S. Hassan
communication block set with a 50% probability of a zero and 50% probability of a one. 2.1.2 PN generator The PN generator implemented had a minimal polynomial given by f x 1 x x. The PN is produced by utilizing three stages D Flip-Flop from Simulink-Extras with
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Keresnyei J. The digitalization and the local television , (in Hungarian) Institution of Applied Communication, Budapest, Vol
Due to the ISM band being unlicensed for communication applications, a lot of applications have been developed in this band and a good example is WiFi IEEE 802.11a, b, g, n of Bluetooth. This numeracy of applications motivated this paper. The paper is concerned with the design of a low distortion 20 dBm 2.4 GHz class-J power amplifier (PA) since PAs are indispensable in radio communications. The design is based on the AVAGO ATF-52189 transistor with a transition frequency of 6 GHz. The design is done as a hybrid circuit network realized using microstrip elements and surface mount device (SMD) capacitors. The schematic design and simulation are carried out using Keysight's Advanced Design System version 2016.01. The simulated PA exhibited a drain efficiency of 69% and a power output of 21 dBm.
This paper deals with the most recent technology in wireless communication which is massive multiple input multiple output system. The paper studies the performance of massive multiple input multiple output uplink system over Rayleigh fading channel. The performance is measured in terms of spectral and energy efficiency using three schemes of linear detection, maximum-ratio-combining, zero forcing receiver, and minimum mean-square error receiver. The simulation results show that the spectral and energy efficiency increases with increasing the number of base station antennas. Also, the spectral and energy efficiency with minimum mean-square error receiver is better than that withzero forcing receiver, and the latter is better than that with maximum-ratio-combining. Furthermore, the energy efficiency decreases with increasing the spectral efficiency.