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. Divashuk , M.G. , Soloviev , A.A. , Karlov , G.I. 2010 b. The effect of selection for phenotypical characters on the chromosome constitution in spring triticale . Rus. J. Genet. 46 : 340 – 344

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The taxon currently named P. officinalis subsp. banatica has been treated as a subspecies of P. officinalis by most authors. Recent genetic studies revealed that this taxon is an ancient allotetraploid hybrid carrying the genes of P. mairei and the ancestor of P. officinalis. Based on its current polyphyletic status, degree of genetic and morphological divergence, its geographical distribution and unique genetic constitution I argue that this viewpoint is incorrect, and this taxon should be recognised as an independent species.

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Glutenin and gliadin subunits play a key role in flour processing quality by network formation in dough. Wild relatives of crops have served as a pool of genetic variation for decades. In this study, 180 accessions from 12 domesticated and wild relatives of wheat were characterized for the glutenin and gliadin genes with allele-specific molecular markers. A total of 24 alleles were detected for the Glu-A3 and Gli-2A loci, which out of 19 amplified products identified as new alleles. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated that 90 and 65% of the genetic diversity were partitioned within two Aegilops and Triticum genera and their species, respectively. Furthermore, all glutenin and gliadin analyzed loci were polymorphic, indicating large genetic diversity within and between the wild species. Our results revealed that allelic variation of Glu-3A and Gli-As.2 is linked to genomic constitutions so that, Ae. caudata (C genome), Ae. neglecta (UM genome), Ae. umbellulata (U genome) and T. urartu (Au genome) harbor wide variation in the studied subunits. Hence, these species can be used in wheat quality breeding programs.

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The knowledge about genetic diversity in the wild relatives of wheat provides useful information for breeding programs and gene pool management. In the present study, an assessment of agro-morphological diversity and molecular variability among 70 accessions of Triticum, belonging to T. boeoticum, T. urartu, T. durum and T. aestivum species, collected from different regions of Iran was made. According to phenotypic analysis, all traits except peduncle length, stem diameter and the number of seeds per spike indicated a high level of diversity among studied accessions. Also, principal component analysis identified six components that explained 87.53% of the total variation in agro-morphological traits. In molecular analysis, 15 start codon targeted (SCoT) polymorphism primers produced 166 bands, out of which, 162 (97.59%) were polymorphic. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated the 63% of the variation resided among populations. The maximum value of polymorphism information content (PIC), the observed (Na) and effective (Ne) number of alleles, Nie’s gene diversity (He) and Shannon’s information index (I) was detected for T. boeoticum than the other species. The SCoT-based tree revealed three different groups corresponding to the genomic constitution in Triticum germplasm, which was in part confirmed by STRUCTURE and principal coordinate (PCoA) analyses. Our results indicated a remarkable level of genetic diversity among studied Iranian Triticum species, especially T. boeoticum, which can be of interest for future breeding and other analyses associated with future studies of the wild relatives of wheat. More importantly, our results revealed that SCoT markers could be used to accurate evaluate genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among different Triticum species.

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). Holarctic Ecology 14 186 191 Baker, H. G. and Baker, I. (1975): Nectar constitution and pollinator

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281 Baker, H. G. and Baker, I. (1975): Nectar constitution and pollinator-plant coevolution. - In: Gilbert, L. E. and Raven, P. H. (eds): Animal and plant coevolution. Texas University

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Community Ecology
Authors: M. Marignani, C. Ricotta, F. Rossi, A. Pavesi and G.C. Avena

Mém. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 113 183 Arrhenius, O. 1923. Statistical investigation in the constitution of plant associations. Ecology 4

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Van Loon, L. C., van Kammen, A. (1970) Polyacrylamide disc electrophoresis of the soluble leaf proteins from Nicotiana tabacum var. “Samsun” and “Samsun NN”. II. Changes in protein constitution after infection with tobacco mosaic virus. Virology 40

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635 Torrey, J. G. (1967) Morphogenesis in relation to chromosomal constitution in long-term plant tissue cultures. Physiol. Plantarum 20 , 265

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. Han , F.P. , Liu , B. , Fedak , G. , Liu , Z.H. 2004 . Genomic constitution and variation in ?ve partial amphiploids of wheat-Thinopyrum intermedium as revealed by GISH, multicolor GISH and seed storage protein analysis . Theor

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