Az írás egyszerre leíró és normatív jellegű, azaz a
kapitalizmusról mint alkotmányról beszél, s az arisztotelészi hagyománynak
megfelelően úgy próbál tényszerű képet nyújtani róla, hogy annak normatív
feltételeit is számba veszi. Amellett érvelek, hogy a kapitalizmus egyike a
lehetséges és kívánatos jó alkotmányoknak, mert a jó _
Buchanan , J.
( 1992 ): Constitutional Democracy, Individual Freedom and Political Equality . In: Buchanan, J. Creation of the Marketplace and the State Constitution . Budapest : Közgazdasági és Jogi Könyvkiadó , pp. 84 – 296
Al Jazeera ( 2014 ): Tunisia Assembly Approves New Constitution . January 27, http://www.aljazeera. com
–Leninism and Maoism as the guiding ideologies in its Constitution ( European Commission 2017 ). Other CEE–FSU countries departed from such ideological references at the beginning of transition even if they still have large public sectors and do not refrain from
has been substantially increased. An important move in the same direction was when the constitution was amended in 2018 to allow the President to serve for life, without any term limit. Many commentators believe that the President and CPC General
rate of exchange is the strongest for the HUF). Elimination of inside control was the change of Constitution, overcentralization ( Kornai 2017 ) and amendment to the law on the State Finance Law (ÁHT), to the power of the Constitutional Court, and to
Authors:Ivan Vujačić, Jelica Petrović-Vujačić, Svetozar Tanasković and Marko Miljković
controversy over the decentralisation of control of investment led to the creation of regional banks and further decentralization in 1974 (when a new constitution was adopted) that in many respects gave a confederate character to the now loose Yugoslav
Authors:Andriy Danyliv, Tetiana Stepurko, Irena Gryga, Milena Pavlova and Wim Groot
The principle of free-of-charge health care services is written in the Ukrainian Constitution. However, the state fails to implement this principle in practice. Our analysis confirms that in spite of the proclaimed free-of-charge health care services, many Ukrainian patients pay for health care services and these payments are considerable. As much as 57% and 73% of patients using out-patient and in-patient services respectively reported having spent money for this. Among those who paid for health care services, the average annual expenditure is 636 UAH for out-patient services and 2,019 UAH for hospital services. Patients who paid formally on average spent 555 UAH for out-patient services per year, while those who paid informally, spent about 337 UAH. This unregulated patient payment system is a threat to the population’s health as it prevents many patients from obtaining the health care that they need. Hence, the current’ free-of-charge’ system does not work properly and cannot sustain the health of the nation any more. There is a need for a thoroughly designed official and transparent payment system as well as structural financial reforms.