Az Európai Unió bővítése lehetőséget teremtett a régi és új tagországok számára,
hogy 2004 után a munkaerő szabad áramlásának a lehetőségeit kihasználják. Az új
EU-tagországokból elindult gyors elvándorlás átrendezte az unión belüli
mobilitás rendjét. A cikk az így kialakult egységes munkapiacon vizsgálja az
elvándorlás alakulását, szerkezetét életkor, nem és iskolai végzettségek
szerint. A megkésett magyar elvándorlás okait és sajátosságait, munkapiaci
összefüggéseit nemzetközi összehasonlításban mutatja be.
A., Pallay K., Szabó B. É., Szigeti F. & Tóth D. A. (2019) The Discovery of
the Possible Reasons for Delayed Graduation and Dropout in the Light of a
Qualitative Research Study. Journal of Adult Learning
, the lack of non-recognition of the Erasmus+ semester often means a delay in graduation. Furthermore, the Erasmus+ grant covers only a small part of the costs of studying abroad for the student. On top of this, many Erasmus+ programmes are not equally
that long-delayed, unprecedented hopes were now being realized. Most of the candidates belonged to this nationality, but many simply wanted to learn about such issues because of their interest or workplace relationships.
The research question of
After the fall of the communist regime, the Romanian State adopted a series of laws to redress the violations of property rights caused by that regime. Romania has been condemned in numerous restitution cases decided by the European Court of Human Rights, because the implementation of property restitution legislation has proceeded exceedingly slowly. This paper aims to investigate the main causes of this delay taking into consideration the new legislative framework of Property Restitution and the new judgements of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) against Romania.
The present essay discusses the recently adopted Act on Anti-Discrimination and the current and future system of disability rights protection mechanisms in the Federal Republic of Germany. Partly as a response to the atrocities of World War II, partly as a return to pre-war period, both East- and West-Germany adopted extensive disability-related protection mechanisms. The laws currently in force are following this tradition making the system of German disability rights one of the most progressive in Europe. Several pieces of legislation ensure rehabilitation and participation of disabled persons, moreover Germany's constitution has been amended, so that disability is included among the prohibited grounds of the clause on non-discrimination. Most recently, Germany should have implemented the European Union's Framework Directive the scope of which extends to the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of disability in employment matters. Germany, traditionally so cautious about human rights issues, transposed the Directive with a two-year-delay. The paper scrutinizes the implementing national law and explores the reasons for its numerous failures and the way towards adoption. Various legal and constitutional issues, among others on third party effect, freedom and equality had been brought up in the debate around transposition that had not been addressed at the time the German disability-related laws had been adopted. The study of these controversies around implementation of the EU Directive is a unique opportunity to shed some light on the underlying constitutional issues of anti-discrimination laws-not only in Germany, but in all Member States of the Union which implemented the Directive without any public, political or legal debates.
After the battle of Thapsus that took place on 6 April 46 Caesar kept delaying his return to Rome for a long while, until 25 July — he stopped to stay on Sardinia — and this cannot be attributed fully to implementing measures and actions necessary in Africa since they could have been carried out by his new proconsul, C. Sallustius Crispus too. The triumph held owing to the victory in Africa — in which they carried around representations of the death of M. Petreius, M. Porcius Cato and Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica — must have further grated on the nerves of the aristocracy of Rome, because it was meant to symbolise Caesar’s victory both over Iuba and the senate. It was after that that Cicero broke his silence and delivered Pro Marcello in the senate, which was both oratio suasoria and gratiarum actio for the pardon granted to Marcellus, by which Caesar wanted to assure the senate of his benevolence and wanted to show off his power by his autocratic gesture. Pro Ligario delivered in 46 has been considered a classical example of deprecatio by both the antique and modern literature, and in historical terms it is not a less noteworthy work since from the period following the civil war Pro Marcello, having been delivered in early autumn of 46 in the senate, is Cicero’s first oration made on the Forum, that is, before the general public, in which praising Caesar’s clementia he seemingly legitimised dictatorship. First, we describe the historical background of the oratio and the process of the proceedings (I.); then, we examine the issue if the proceedings against Ligarius can be considered a real criminal trial. (II.) After the analysis of the genre of the speech, deprecatio (III.) we analyse the appearance of Caesar’s clementia in Pro Ligario. (IV.) Finally, we focus on the means of style of irony, and highlight an interesting element of the Caesar-Cicero relation and how the orator voices his conviction that he considers the dictator’s power and clementia illegitimate. (V.)