pszichológia: a nyelv mentális realitása és az egyéni különbségek [Chomsky and psychology: The mental reality of language and individualdifferences] . In I. Kenesei (ed.) Nyelv, biológia, szabadság. A 90 éves Chomsky jelentősége a tudományban és azon túl
In translation process
and language production research, pauses are seen as indicators of cognitive
processing. Investigating the correlations between source text machine
translatability and post-editing effort involves an assessment of cognitive
effort. Therefore, an analysis of pauses is essential. This paper presents data
from a research project which includes an analysis of pauses in post-editing,
triangulated with the Choice Network Analysis method and Translog. Results
suggest that the pause-to-keyboarding ratio does not differ significantly for
sentences deemed to be more suitable for machine translation than for those
deemed to be less suitable. Also, results confirm the finding in research
elsewhere that pause duration and frequency is subject to individual
differences. Finally, we suggest that while pauses provide some indication of
cognitive processing, supplementary methods are required to give a fuller
During natural ageing, hormonal, psychological, and cognitive changes affect speech production and speech perception. The aim of this study is to investigate the differences in the performance of young-old (60- to 74-year-old) versus old-old (75- to 90-year-old) speakers in oral summaries of stories to which they listened previously and how those results relate to the speech of young adult speakers. For the present study, we have selected narrative recalls performed by fifteen subjects of each age group from BEA (The Hungarian Spontaneous Speech Database). We analysed the contents of those samples, pauses, disfluencies, and speech errors. We found important differences in the oral summaries between young-old and old-old speakers. Considerable individual differences were also attested within each age group (in disfluencies, pauses, etc.). The results suggest a certain degree of dissimilarity in the recalls across age groups, concerning peculiarities of language use along with the expected phonetic and psycholinguistic features.
, IndividualDifferences, and Applications. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum. 107-126.
The Dynamics of Composing - an Agenda for Research into an Interactive Compensatory Model of Writing: Many Questions Some Answers
1974: Exploration of IndividualDifferences in Preferences for Humor.
Ertel S. L.
Exploration of IndividualDifferences in Preferences for Humor
Charles-Luce . 1984 . Phonological neutralization, phonetic implementation, and individualdifferences . Journal of Phonetics 12 . 49 – 60 .
Docherty , Gerard J. . 1992 . The timing of voicing in British English obstruents . Berlin & New York