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. Charos , C. 1994 . Personality and individual differences as predictors of second language communication: a causal analysis . Unpublished Honors Thesis, University of Ottawa , Canada

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pszichológia: a nyelv mentális realitása és az egyéni különbségek [Chomsky and psychology: The mental reality of language and individual differences] . In I. Kenesei (ed.) Nyelv, biológia, szabadság. A 90 éves Chomsky jelentősége a tudományban és azon túl

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In translation process and language production research, pauses are seen as indicators of cognitive processing. Investigating the correlations between source text machine translatability and post-editing effort involves an assessment of cognitive effort. Therefore, an analysis of pauses is essential. This paper presents data from a research project which includes an analysis of pauses in post-editing, triangulated with the Choice Network Analysis method and Translog. Results suggest that the pause-to-keyboarding ratio does not differ significantly for sentences deemed to be more suitable for machine translation than for those deemed to be less suitable. Also, results confirm the finding in research elsewhere that pause duration and frequency is subject to individual differences. Finally, we suggest that while pauses provide some indication of cognitive processing, supplementary methods are required to give a fuller picture.

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Narrative recall in the elderly

Content, fluency and speech errors in the narrative speech of young, young-old and old-old speakers

Acta Linguistica Hungarica
Author: Judit Bóna

During natural ageing, hormonal, psychological, and cognitive changes affect speech production and speech perception. The aim of this study is to investigate the differences in the performance of young-old (60- to 74-year-old) versus old-old (75- to 90-year-old) speakers in oral summaries of stories to which they listened previously and how those results relate to the speech of young adult speakers. For the present study, we have selected narrative recalls performed by fifteen subjects of each age group from BEA (The Hungarian Spontaneous Speech Database). We analysed the contents of those samples, pauses, disfluencies, and speech errors. We found important differences in the oral summaries between young-old and old-old speakers. Considerable individual differences were also attested within each age group (in disfluencies, pauses, etc.). The results suggest a certain degree of dissimilarity in the recalls across age groups, concerning peculiarities of language use along with the expected phonetic and psycholinguistic features.

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): Individual Differences and Instructed Language Learning . Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Individual Differences and Instructed Language Learning 2002

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1991 20 445 464 Daneman, M. & Carpenter, P. A. 1980. Individual Differences in Working Memory and Reading. Journal of

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, Individual Differences, and Applications. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum. 107-126. The Dynamics of Composing - an Agenda for Research into an Interactive Compensatory Model of Writing: Many Questions Some Answers

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. L. 1974: Exploration of Individual Differences in Preferences for Humor. Psychological Reports 34, 1031–1037. Ertel S. L. Exploration of Individual Differences in Preferences for Humor Psychological Reports

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Charles-Luce . 1984 . Phonological neutralization, phonetic implementation, and individual differences . Journal of Phonetics 12 . 49 – 60 . Docherty , Gerard J. . 1992 . The timing of voicing in British English obstruents . Berlin & New York

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