create additional costs to adapt required infrastructure needed. The employees were not wearing personal protective equipment (PPEs) in 70% of the enterprises visited. A minority (30%) of them were mainly wearing seasonal working clothes and working boots
Authors:F. Békés, K. Ács, Gy. Gell, Cs. Lantos, A-M. Kovács, Zs. Birinyi, and J. Pauk
Consumption of “gluten-containing” diet causes disease for a significant minority of people who consume foods derived from wheat, rye, barley, and possibly oat. The fact is, however, that in several types of diseases related to the consumption of “gluten-containing” cereals, the trigger compounds are not components of gluten. The current view of medical experts is that, excluding people suffering from celiac disease, the majority of individuals who are feeling better on the “wheat-free” or “gluten-free” diet could select a food containing much healthier, low level of fermentable oligosaccharides (often called as FODMAP). To satisfy the specific health related demands of certain consumer groups, the challenge is in front of cereal breeding to develop new, “healthier” germplasms, suitable to produce such products by the food industry. This report aims to give an overview of some aspects of recent developments in this booming area, (i) summarizing the up-to-date knowledge on cereals-related health disorders; (ii) reporting on the status of developing celiac-safe cereals, and finally (iii) highlighting the potential of developing “healthier” spelt-based cereal products through the progress in an ongoing spelt breeding program.
Authors:M. Korošec, J. Bertoncelj, A. Pereyra Gonzales, U. Kropf, U. Golob, and T. Golob
Honey consists of simple carbohydrates. Glucose and fructose represent the majority of honey’s carbohydrate profile, while a spectrum of oligosaccharides is in minority, but typical for the honey type regarding its main source nectar or honeydew, respectively. The content of different carbohydrates was determined in 63 samples of four types of Slovenian honey (acacia, spruce, multifloral and forest honey). The honey samples were of different botanical and geographical origin, and were analysed six to ten months after harvest. The type of honey was determined by sensory analysis and electrical conductometry. In order to determine the content of monosaccharides and oligosaccharides high-pressure anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) was used. The applied chromatographic method with pulsed amperometric detection enables reliable and selective detection of carbohydrates, especially oligosaccharides, in honey. Statistical comparison of the results showed that there were statistically significant differences among some parameters, while for others such differences did not exist. The results of our research and available data of other authors propose that the carbohydrate profile (the presence of individual carbohydrates in honey) and the content of carbohydrates in honey may have a potentially valuable role in the assessment of botanical origin of honey and as an indicator of putative adulteration of honey with sugar mixes or syrups, respectively. Nevertheless, analysis on numerous samples and different honey types are needed.
Authors:Xue Kang, Gabriella Medvegy, and Yufang Zhou
opportunities. In the corner of the exhibition is a story about the revival of the village of Louna. Louna, an ancient Buyi minority village of 16 villages, has long sunk on the edge of China’s urbanization [ 2 ]. Among them is a deserted village called
. & George, V. (1997): Associations of race/ethnicity, education, and dietary intervention with the validity and reliability of a food frequency questionnaire: The women’s health trial feasibility study in minority populations. Am. J. Epidemiol. , 146
Authors:Yongting Shi, Anna Mária Tamás, and Gergely Sztranyák
coverage rate of 85.3%. The total population of the township is 8,232, most of whom are members of the Tujia minority. Because of its remote location and barren land, the incidence of poverty in the whole township is as high as 7.6%, which is one of the 18