lie in the availability of information about inventions of high novelty, but rather in the assessment thereof, as companies are confronted with the problem of information overflow (Bergmann et al. 2008 ). Information overflow causes the monitoring of
By means of bibliometrics and content analysis, both quantitative and qualitative, based upon JETRO Technology Bulletin data-base, the authors reveal some properties of overseas monitoring for industrial technology and technology policy by Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), specifically, identify the shift of focus in regional and technical field dimensions, depict the different modes of representative technical areas, and trace the relation between technology monitoring and government policy action.
We introduce a new technique for quantifying and monitoring the effect a given set of time series has on the evolution of a single time series. The technique relies on the causal nature of this effect, and expresses the result in terms of partial and cross elasticities. As an application, we consider the case where the single time series consists of the number of patents filed over time, in a given category, and where the set of time series consists of the numbers of scientific articles published over time, for each one of a number of science domains. Finally, we use a quiver map for visualizing the elasticities and as a case study we illustrate our methodology on patents in the field of Biotechnology.
This paper addresses research performance monitoring of the social sciences and the humanities using citation analysis. Main
differences in publication and citation behavior between the (basic) sciences and the social sciences and humanities are outlined.
Limitations of the (S)SCI and A&HCI for monitoring research performance are considered. For research performance monitoring
in many social sciences and humanities, the methods used in science need to be extended. A broader range of both publications
(including non-ISI journals and monographs) and citation indicators (including non-ISI reference citation values) is needed.
Three options for bibliometric monitoring are discussed.
Authors:Pao-Long Chang, Chao-Chan Wu, and Hoang-Jyh Leu
Carbon nanotube field emission display (CNT-FED) represents both emerging application of nanotechnology and revolutionary
invention of display. Therefore, it is an important subject to monitor the states and trends of CNT-FED technology before
the next stage of development. The present paper uses patent bibliometric analysis and patent network analysis to monitor
the technological trends in the field of CNT-FED. These results firstly reveal the different aspects of patenting activities
in the field of CNT-FED. Then, patent network analysis indicates the developing tendency of worldwide FED production based
on the synthesis of CNT materials. Furthermore, key technologies of three clusters can be identified as the depositing CNT
on substrate, coating phosphor on screen and assembling process for whole device. Finally, emitter material is taken for the
key factor in R&D work to improve the efficacy in CNT-FED technology.
Authors:Bernd Süssmuth, Martin Steininger, and Stephane Ghio
This study documents a decade of mainstream research output by European economics institutions. In contrast to previous European
economics departmental rankings, we investigate the changing pattern of the ranking over two subperiods and a total decade.
The validity of our bibliometric approach is demonstrated by a comparison with gradings of UK economic departments in the
2001 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE). We also provide some explanation of the ranking based on regional factors and institutional
features. Strong evidence for the 'institutional oligopoly' of editors and authors hypothesis is found. However, in a dynamic
context this departmental concentration of authorship and editorial board membership does not represent a 'closed shop'. We
find several departments entering the centre stage of economic mainstream for the first time towards the end of the 1990s.
Authors:Ryosuke Ohniwa, Aiko Hibino, and Kunio Takeyasu
We report here a simple method to identify the ‘emerging topics’ in life sciences. First, the keywords selected from MeSH
terms on PubMed by filtering the terms based on their increment rate of the appearance, and, then, were sorted into groups
dealing with the same topics by ‘co-word’ analysis. These topics were defined as ‘emerging topics’. The survey of the emerging
keywords with high increment rates of appearance between 1972 to 2006 showed that emerging topics changed dramatically year
by year, and that the major shift of the topics occurred in the late 90s; the topics that cover technical and conceptual aspects
in molecular biology to the more systematic ‘-omics’-related and nanoscience-related aspects. We further investigated trends
in emerging topics within various sub-fields in the life sciences.
Authors:Morteza Maghrebi, Ali Abbasi, Saeid Amiri, Reza Monsefi, and Ahad Harati
industry and government have paid attention to the nanotechnology (Roco 2005 ; Huang et al. 2004 ; Helland and Kastenholz 2008 ). However, in order to make policies, planning and decision-making effectively, one needs to monitor the prevailing trends by
Authors:Fiorenzo Franceschini and Domenico Maisano
Manufacturing journal?”, “What is the bibliometric positioning of different Manufacturing journals and their influence on the scientific community?”
Answering the previous questions is not easy. There are many ways to monitor, compare and study how
. Several monitoring and evaluation processes are in place to ensure the proper implementation of regional programmes, projects, and plans.
Third, “temporal coherence ensures that today's policies continue to be effective in the future by limiting