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Central European Geology
Authors: Ildikó Gyollai, Ildikó Gyollai, Szaniszló Bérczi, Krisztián Fintor, Szabolcs Nagy, and Arnold Gucsik

The Mócs chondrite was studied by optical microscopy, element mapping, as well as scanning electron microscope backscattered electron (SEM—BSE) imaging, in order to gain a better understanding of the thermal metamorphic as well as post-shock annealing evolution and the mineralogical signatures in this meteorite. The studied thin section of Mócs meteorite contains 26 chondrules with a variety of chondrule textures, which are characterized by a blurry rim. The chondrules mostly consist of pyroxene and olivine, whereas feldspars occur only in the recrystallized groundmass, chondrule mesostasis, and mineral melt inside and beyond the shock veins. It was found that the matrix was completely recrystallized. According to the scanning electron microscope and optical microscope observations mentioned above, it can be concluded that the Mócs chondrite is a 6.5 petrographic type.

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petrography are also recognized, due to the recrystallization of the studied sample inherited from mylonitization, which is probably ubiquitous in the study area. Geologic background MZ (Ófalu Group) The MZ is a

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Kennedy, L., A., J. C. White 2001: Low-temperature recrystallization in calcite mechanisms and consequences. - Geology, 29, pp. 1027 - 1030 . Low-temperature recrystallization in calcite mechanisms and consequences

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garnets in deformed aplite. Szederkényi ( 1977 , 1983 ) described intensive shearing at greenschist/amphibolite facies in amphibolite, whereas M. Tóth et al. ( 2005 ) assumed the recrystallization temperature of mylonite to be approximately 350 °C. The

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The Pleistocene travertine of Buda Vár-hegy (Castle Hill) has been studied in subsurface galleries and cellars. Lithological variations, sedimentary features of the travertine and the underlying friable chalky carbonates and calcareous clays were described in the field. Four lithotypes and several microfacies types of travertine have been identified. The stratal pattern of travertine, distribution of lithotypes, the macrofauna, and the presence of microbial sediments suggests that the travertine was deposited in a shallow lake environment. The lake was fed by lukewarm springs from the central part (probably from Szentháromság-tér [Szentháromság Square] area), where the thickest travertine deposits are found. Direct evidence of cascade deposits or terraced tetarata deposits have not been found in the studied sections. The intense cementation and recrystallisation appear in the form of at least four, mostly phreatic, cement generations, including micrite envelopes, thin fibrous rims, thick radiaxial spars and pore occluding mosaics.

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The Little Plain Basin is one of the largest units in the Pannonian Basin System. Its continuation in Slovakia is called the Danube Basin. The Little Plain Basin is one of the most underexplored areas in Hungary. Based on archival geologic and geophysical data the lithostratigraphic composition of the area is controversial. The significance of the area is increased by the known Neogene and the supposed basement (Paleozoic and Mesozoic) hydrocarbon systems in Hungary and in Slovakia.

The purpose of this study is to identify the exact age, facies, geologic formations and possible source rocks of the Triassic section penetrated by the Gyõrszemere-2 well in the Little Plain Basin.

Based on new facies and paleontological results it can be stated that two Triassic sequences are identified in the well, separated by fault breccia. A carbonate sequence was deposited between the Induan and Early Anisian and above that a homogeneous recrystallized dolomite appears, the age of which is unknown.

The following formations were encountered, from base upward:

Arács Marl Fm. (3,249.5–3,030 m), silty marl with ooids, bivalves, gastropods and ostracode shells. Occasionally layers of angular quartz grains in large quantities appear. Postcladella kahlori and Spirobis phlyctaena indicates Induan (Early Triassic) age.

Köveskál Dolomite Fm. (3,030–2,790 m), rich in ooids and also containing anhydrite. The Glomospira and Glomospirella dominance indicates an age interval between Olenekian and earliest Anisian age.

Fault breccia (2,790–2,690 m) separating the Köveskál and overlying dolomites.

Upper dolomite (2,690–2,200 m): homogeneous, saccharoidal, and totally recrystallized. The age is unknown.

The low TOC values of the supposed source rock interval (marl between 3,249.5 and 3,030 m) indicate poor hydrocarbon potential.

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This paper is devoted to the description of spessartine-almandine garnet (Sps: 39.8-60.2%; Alm: 29.1-56.76%; Grs <7%, Prp <3.6%, Adr <5%) from aplitic dyke rocks of the Mórágy granitoid near Erdõsmecske and Aranyos valley. The aplitic dyke rocks contain K-feldspar, plagioclase, quartz, (myrmekite), ±garnet, ±biotite, chlorite or secondary muscovite, ±ore minerals, ±calcite, ±apatite and ±epidote. Two different zoning types in garnet were detected by electron microprobe. Zoning type I means either Mn enrichment at the expense of Fe towards the rim or towards the core or plateau garnet profiles. Zoning type II displays Ca enrichment at the rim of garnet. A high proportion of Sps component in garnet and the character of zoning type I are considered as typical magmatic features.  The pressure-temperature estimation for aplite formation arises from experimental investigations of Green (1977) in agreement with the hypothetical approach of liquidus relationships by Abott and Clarke (1979) giving a minimum temperature estimation of c. 675 °C-700 °C at pressure of 1-3 kbar. Following the magmatic crystallization, solid state deformation is evidenced by dynamic recrystallization of quartz and feldspars at temperatures of about 450-500 °C in the upper greenschist to lower amphibolite facies. Grossular-rich rim of garnet indicates pressure increase during ductile deformation.

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Central European Geology
Authors: Szabolcs Nagy, Sándor Józsa, Arnold Gucsik, Szaniszló Bérczi, Kiyotaka Ninagawa, Hirotsugu Nishido, Miklós Veres, Ákos Kereszturi, and Henrik Hargitai

Abstract

We studied optical microscopic and micro-Raman spectroscopic signatures of shocked olivine from the ALH 77005 Martian meteorite sample. The purpose of this study is to document pressure and temperature-related effects in olivine over the entire sample, which can aid in understanding structural changes due to shock metamorphism and the post-shock thermal annealing processes of lherzolitic Martian meteorites. According to the optical microscope observations, three areas may be discernible in olivine of the ALH 77005 in the vicinity of the melt pocket. The first area is the thermally undisturbed part of a grain, which contains a high density of shock-induced planar microdeformations such as Planar Deformation Features (PDFs) and Planar Fractures (PFs). Compared to the first area, the second area shows less shock-induced microstructures, while the third area is a strongly recrystallized region, but not formed from a melt.

A common Raman spectral feature of these olivines is a regular doublet peak centered at 823 and 852 cm−1; additionally, two new peaks at 535 and 755 cm−1 appear in the weakly annealed transition zones.

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. Masuda A. Fujimura 1981 Microstructural development of fine-quartz aggregates by syntectonic recrystallization Tectonophysics

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recrystallization. -Chem. Geol., 157, pp. 285-3302. An electron microprobe study of the U-Th-Pb systematics of metamorphosed monazite: the role of Pb diffusion versus overgrowth and recrystallization. Chem

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