The article describes the impact of the 2008 global economic crisis on constitutional developments in the Czech Republic. The author does not focus only on monitoring the temporal coincidence of the submitted draft constitutional acts with the events known as the financial crisis, but also their direct substantive links with them. A temporal link is an insufficient criterion. The capital question is, if a causal link based upon a material aspect exists with regard to each specific example. From this viewpoint, the author suggests dividing proposals for constitutional changes in the Czech Republic into four categories described further in the article. The article tries to explain the Czech constitutional context and the very pro-active approach on the part of politicians to the text of the Constitution and proposals for its amendments, which are however seldom signed into law. The author reaches a general conclusion that the financial crisis itself did not lead to constitutional developments in the Czech Republic. On the other hand, the Czech Republic is undergoing a process (independent of the financial crisis) of the erosion of the political system and the system of political parties associated with a certain amount of public distrust in the traditional system of constitutional and political representations, with the emergence of requirements calling for the strengthening of elements of direct democracy and with the rise of new entities, often selfproclaiming them as being definitely not political parties, but non-political civic movements.
among European states, representations of European integration, and the quality of democracy European societies are engaged to.
Research data on which this article is based partly arise from the project
Authors:Iryna Izarova, Bartosz Szolc-Nartowski and Anastasiia Kovtun
confidential, while the amicus brief was open. Another difference is that amici curiae do not file their representations at the discovery stage but present their briefs or make arguments orally before the court in session.
The authors only
Gysies, or Roma, are simultaneously among history's most romanticized and relived of peoples. Stereotypically racialized and eroticized as „other” wherever they are located, prejudice and discrimination against Roma are currently heightened. This paperseeks to illustrade processes of identification by which Roma in post-socialist countries are classified as „other”, as „different”. Drawing on interview and observational data from the commjunity studies of the project on „Poverty, Ethnicity, and Gender in Transitional Societies”, this paper explores various discursive ways in which Roma are stereotypically „othered” by non-oma populations as well as ways in which Roma understand themselves in relation to these historically persistent if situationally variable representations of their putative „identities”. As is discussed, „Roma” as a category has been expanded in certain contexts to essentialize a purported relationship between „race” and poverty.
Rijks, D. and Whitman, R. (2007): European Diplomatic Representations in Third Countries: Trends and Options. In Avery, G. ed.:
The EU Foreign Service: how to build a more effective common policy
. European Policy Centre Working Paper No.28 Brussels
Said, Edward W. (1996): Representations of the Intellectual . Vintage Books, New York.
Sántha Ágnes (2008): A fiatalok munkával való elégedettsége Magyarországon és Németországban. In: Füstös László–Guba László–Szalma Ivett