scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). In addition, the dynamic mechanical properties, hardness, resilience and abrasion properties of the vulcanizates were also investigated.
Authors:Boglárka Keller, Judit Szabó, Csaba Centeri, Gergely Jakab and Zoltán Szalai
Adaptation is the most important strategy to reduce the effect of climate change and soil erosion. During this process adequate, rational land use is necessary to ensure climate resilience. Therefore, the main objective in this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of different land use intensities (arable land and grassland) to soil erosion. The rainfall simulation method is a good tool to measure and estimate soil erosion in situ. The comparative measurements were carried out in the field with a Shower Power-02 simulator on 6 m2 plots in Gerézdpuszta, where the slope angles were ~8% and the simulated rainfall events had high intensities (~70-96 mm h−1). The runoff and soil loss were significantly higher from arable land. The runoff-infiltration ratio and runoff coefficient showed lower infiltration capacity in the case of arable land. On average, the suspended sediment loads were tenfold higher under intensive land use. In the case of grassland a moderate increase in infiltration was observed due to higher rainfall intensity, as also reported in the literature. The rainfall simulation method provides good data for soil loss estimations.
Sustainable land use
and rational soil management, including an up-to-date soil moisture control
requires continuous actions. This permanent control may prevent, eliminate or
at least reduce undesirable soil processes and their harmful
economical/ecological/environmental/social consequences; utilizing the unique
soil characteristic, resilience, may satisfy the conditions for the “quality
maintenance” of this “conditionally renewable” natural resource. Control can be
efficient only on the basis of comprehensive risk assessment, impact analysis
and exact prognosis. These have to be the main research priorities! The
successful prevention, elimination or moderation of undesirable soil
degradation processes and extreme moisture regimes can be efficient only in a
well-coordinated multidisciplinary international cooperation in the Carpathian
Basin. The realization of the sustainability concept in the rational land use
and soil management gives reality for a better life: healthy, good quality
food, clean water and pleasant environment.
Authors:János Kátai, Thomas Döring, Magdolna Tállai, Andrea Balla-Kovács, István Henzsel, Marianna Makádi, Zsolt Sándor and Imre Vágó
, D. S. , Johnston , A. E.
1994 . Long-term Field Experiments: their Importance in Understanding Sustainable Land Use. Soil Resilience and Sustainable Land Use . CAB International . 367 - 394 . p
Authors:Muhammad Hanif, Shahid Shah, Nasir Rasool, Ghulam Abbas, Malik Saadullah, Sajid Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Masood Ahmed, Nazar Abbas, Mehran Ashfaq and Omeira Iqbal
important for the strength and resilience of raft that is developed in the stomach. Only one high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was available for the determination of sodium alginate [ 3 ] in drug delivery systems contained sodium alginate